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RATIONALE: Biological therapies such as erlotinib may interfere with the growth of tumor cells and slow the growth of the tumor.
- Determine the overall response rate of patients with locally advanced or metastatic adenocarcinoma of the stomach or gastroesophageal junction treated with erlotinib. (Gastric stratum temporarily closed to accrual as of 03/01/2003.)
- Determine the frequency and severity of toxic effects of this drug in these patients.
- Determine the overall survival and time to treatment failure in patients treated with this drug.
- Determine the value of intratumoral expression of epidermal growth factor receptor in predicting patient response to this drug.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to cancer site (stomach vs gastroesophageal junction). (The gastric stratum is temporarily closed to accrual as of 03-01-2003.)
Patients receive oral erlotinib once daily. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Patients are followed every 6 months for 3 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 40-80 patients (20-40 per stratum) will be accrued for this study within 14-40 months. (The gastric stratum is temporarily closed to accrual as of 03-01-2003.)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
MBCCOP - Gulf Coast
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:56:18-0400
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A quinazoline derivative and ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT that functions as a PROTEIN KINASE INHIBITOR for EGFR associated tyrosine kinase. It is used in the treatment of NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER.
Tumors or cancer of the ESOPHAGUS.
A pathological condition characterized by the presence of a number of ESOPHAGEAL DIVERTICULA in the ESOPHAGUS.
Surgical incision of the lower esophageal sphincter near the CARDIA often used to treat ESOPHAGEAL ACHALASIA.
Circular innermost layer of the ESOPHAGUS wall that mediates esophageal PERISTALSIS which pushes ingested food bolus toward the stomach.
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers) - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...