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RATIONALE: Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells.
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the effect of PSA-3 peptide vaccine emulsified in Montanide ISA-51 on PSA levels in patients with recurrent prostate cancer. II. Determine the toxicity of this regimen in these patients. III. Determine whether the T lymphocyte immune response to PSA-3 and HLA-A2 antigen-presenting cells that endogenously produce PSA is increased in patients treated with this regimen. IV. Determine the duration of the PSA and/or immune responses in patients treated with this regimen. V. Correlate immune and PSA responses in patients treated with this regimen. VI. Determine the efficacy of a second (boost) vaccination with this regimen in patients with a PSA or immune response.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients receive PSA-3 peptide vaccine emulsified in Montanide ISA-51 subcutaneously in 2 sites on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Patients who show an immune or prostate specific antigen (PSA) response are followed until disease progression, defined as a diminution or disappearance of an immune response or 2 consecutive increases in PSA over the nadir. Patients are eligible for a second series of injections at the time of progression.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 14-44 patients will be accrued for this study within 12-18 months.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
PSA prostate cancer vaccine, incomplete Freund's adjuvant
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:56:20-0400
RATIONALE: Vaccines made from peptides may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells. PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well vaccine therapy works in...
RATIONALE: Vaccines made from peptides may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known whether vaccines are more effective with or without den...
RATIONALE: Vaccines made from a person's prostate cancer cells may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to determine the effectiv...
The purpose of the study is to see if the PSMA/TARP proteins in the vaccine, along with the Hiltonol, can arouse and train your immune system to kill the prostate cancer cells. Prostate ca...
The investigators are trying to find new methods to treat prostate cancer. The approach is to try to enhance patients' own immune response against the cancer. In this study, the investiga...
Prostate Cancer is the forth most common type of cancer. Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is anchored in the cell membrane of prostate epithelial cells. PSMA is highly expressed on prostate e...
To examine whether age-related reference ranges for "normal" prostate-specific antigen (PSA) change (determined in men without prostate cancer) can be used to identify men at high risk of having prost...
The role of testosterone in the development of prostate cancer and the safety of testosterone therapy (TTh) after prostate cancer treatment, or in the setting of active surveillance, remains controver...
Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men, affecting approximately 1.1 million men worldwide. In this way, the study of prostate cancer biopathology and the study of new potential therap...
Immunotherapies have emerged as a revolutionary modality for cancer treatment, and a variety of immune-based approaches are currently being investigated in the field of prostate cancer. Despite the 20...
A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
A synthetic retinoid that is used orally as a chemopreventive against prostate cancer and in women at risk of developing contralateral breast cancer. It is also effective as an antineoplastic agent.
Tissue ablation of the PROSTATE performed by ultrasound from a transducer placed in the RECTUM. The procedure is used to treat prostate cancer (PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA).
Proteins secreted by the prostate gland. The major secretory proteins from the human prostate gland include PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, prostate-specific acid phosphatase, prostate-specific membrane antigen, and prostate-specific protein-94.
Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism, and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins or one ...
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