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This is a study to determine the safety and toxicity of increasing doses of arginine deiminase combined to polyethylene glycol (ADI-PEG) in patients with nonresectable metastatic melanoma.
The use of amino acid degrading enzymes derived from microbial sources has proven to be an effective means of controlling some forms of cancer auxotrophic for nonessential amino acids. Recently it has been shown that human melanomas are auxotrophic for arginine. As arginine is a nonessential amino acid for humans, elimination of it may prove to be an effective method for controlling cancer. Laboratory studies have provided promising results with the arginine-degrading enzyme arginine deiminase (ADI) coupled to polyethylene glycol (PEG) to enhance its circulating half-life.
In this study, patients each receive 3 intramuscular treatments of ADI-SS PEG over a 4-week period. There are 4 cohorts of patients each receiving a different dose level. Pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, safety and toxicity, and immunogenicity studies will be performed.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
FDA Office of Orphan Products Development
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:56:21-0400
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An unpigmented malignant melanoma. It is an anaplastic melanoma consisting of cells derived from melanoblasts but not forming melanin. (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
Experimentally induced tumor that produces MELANIN in animals to provide a model for studying human MELANOMA.
A cellular subtype of malignant melanoma. It is a pigmented lesion composed of melanocytes occurring on sun-exposed skin, usually the face and neck. The melanocytes are commonly multinucleated with a "starburst" appearance. It is considered by many to be the in situ phase of lentigo maligna melanoma.
Found in large amounts in the plasma and urine of patients with malignant melanoma. It is therefore used in the diagnosis of melanoma and for the detection of postoperative metastases. Cysteinyldopa is believed to be formed by the rapid enzymatic hydrolysis of 5-S-glutathionedopa found in melanin-producing cells.
A melanosome-specific protein that plays a role in the expression, stability, trafficking, and processing of GP100 MELANOMA ANTIGEN, which is critical to the formation of Stage II MELANOSOMES. The protein is used as an antigen marker for MELANOMA cells.
Melanoma is a highly malignant tumor of melanin-forming cells (melanocytes) There are most commonly found in the skin (resulting from sunlight exposure), but also in the eyes and mucous membranes. Metastasis to other regions of the body is also common....
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...
Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers) - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...