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The purposes of this study are to learn whether treatment with an androgen type hormone will improve the visual-spatial problems associated with Turner syndrome, and to evaluate the effect growth hormone, with and without androgen, has on growth.
Turner syndrome is associated with short stature, multiple physical stigmata, absent pubertal development, and increased learning problems. This study is designed to (1) examine the effects of sex steroids (androgen and estrogen) on multiple variables including growth rate, GH binding protein, IGF-I, IGFBP3, and cognitive function in the setting of supplemental growth hormone administration and (2) to investigate any synergistic or additive effects of the androgen and estrogen combination versus each alone, on the above variables.
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
estrogen, androgen, placebo
National Institutes of Health
Active, not recruiting
Thomas Jefferson University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:55:11-0400
The purpose of this study is to examine whether a larger dosage of estrogen than the one used today will secure the development of a normal sized uterus and increase the strength of the bo...
The development of the brain in females is a result of a combination of factors. During puberty estrogen plays a role in influencing brain development. Cultural and environmental factor...
Estrogen is necessary for feminization during puberty and to decrease bone resorption, the latter critical for the achievement of peak bone mass and normal bone health in the female. The p...
Turners Syndrome is a genetic condition in females that is a result of abnormal chromosomes. Girls with Turner syndrome are very short as children and as adults. Although their growth hor...
Turners Syndrome is a genetic condition in females that is a result of abnormal chromosomes. Patients with Turner syndrome are typically short, have abnormal physical features, and lack th...
The established link between estrogen and breast cancer occurs via both estrogen receptor (ER)-mediated and non ER-mediated mechanisms. The term genotoxic estrogens describes mutagenic metabolites, in...
Turner syndrome (TS) is associated with an increased frequency of autoimmunity. Frequently observed autoimmune diseases in TS are also seen in the autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type I (APS I), of ...
Previous case reports have suggested a possible association of congenital hyperinsulinism with Turner syndrome.
This study aimed to assess the application of the French guidelines for pregnancies in Turner syndrome (TS) and their impact on perinatal prognosis.
To characterize the psychosocial profiles of adult women diagnosed with Turner syndrome before (early diagnosis) and at or after (late diagnosis) 13 years of age.
A familial form of PSEUDOHERMAPHRODITISM transmitted as an X-linked recessive trait. These patients have a karyotype of 46,XY with end-organ resistance to androgen due to mutations in the androgen receptor (RECEPTORS, ANDROGEN) gene. Severity of the defect in receptor quantity or quality correlates with their phenotypes. In these genetic males, the phenotypic spectrum ranges from those with normal female external genitalia, through those with genital ambiguity as in Reifenstein Syndrome, to that of a normal male with INFERTILITY.
A syndrome of defective gonadal development in phenotypic women with a karyotype of sex chromosome monosomy (45,X or 45,XO), associated with the loss of a sex chromosome X or Y. Patients generally are of short stature with undifferentiated (streak) gonads, sexual infantilism (HYPOGONADISM), webbing of the neck, cubitus valgus, elevated GONADOTROPINS and decreased ESTRADIOL level in blood. Studies of Turner Syndrome and its variants have contributed significantly to the understanding of SEX DIFFERENTIATION. NOONAN SYNDROME bears similarity to this disorder; however, it also occurs in males, has normal karyotype, and is inherited as an autosomal dominant.
Compounds that bind to and inhibit the activation of ANDROGEN RECEPTORS.
A multifaceted disorder characterized by short stature, webbed neck, ptosis, skeletal malformations, hypertelorism, hormonal imbalance, CRYPTORCHIDISM, multiple cardiac abnormalities (most commonly including PULMONARY VALVE STENOSIS), and some degree of MENTAL RETARDATION. The phenotype bears similarities to that of TURNER SYNDROME that occurs only in females and has its basis in a 45, X karyotype abnormality. However, Noonan syndrome occurs in both males and females with a normal sex chromosome constitution (46,XX and 46,XY). NS1 is due to mutations at chromosome location 12q24.1, in PTPN11, a gene encoding PROTEIN TYROSINE PHOSPHATASE, NON-RECEPTOR TYPE 11. LEOPARD SYNDROME, a disorder that has clinical features overlapping those of Noonan Syndrome, is also due to mutations in PTPN11. In addition, there is a syndrome called neurofibromatosis-Noonan syndrome. Both the PTPN11 and NF1 gene products are involved in the SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION pathway of Ras (RAS PROTEINS).
One of the ESTROGEN RECEPTORS that has marked affinity for ESTRADIOL. Its expression and function differs from, and in some ways opposes, ESTROGEN RECEPTOR BETA.
Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several groups of h...
Endocrine disorders are grouped into two categories: hormone imbalance - when a gland produces too much or too little of an endocrine hormone development of lesions (such as nodules or tumors) in the endocrine system, which may or may not affect...