Process and Outcomes of Pain Management

2014-07-24 14:34:20 | BioPortfolio


This study will investigate the most effective approach for managing pain and providing palliative care (lessening of pain or symptoms).

Patients with advanced cancer who are enrolled in a National Cancer Institute (NCI) protocol and will undergo major surgery as part of their treatment may be eligible for this study.

Participants will be randomly assigned to pain management provided by either 1) their attending physician or 2) the Clinical Center's Pain and Palliative Care Service. Patients in the first group may be reassigned to the Pain and Palliative Care Service at any time during the study.

Participants will be interviewed every 3 months for as long as 1 year about their pain, its effect on several areas of their lives, changes in their needs, and how well they think their pain is being managed.. As the patients progress through the NCI study, they will meet regularly and as often as needed with either their attending physician or the Pain and Palliative Care team. Each interview will last about 20 to 30 minutes. With the patient's permission, the interviews will be tape recorded.


Pain is multidimensional. It is more than simply a physiologic or sensory response. Pain management programs are best developed by selecting interventions based on the individual's pain experience. Strategies with several mechanisms of action that complement each other might be selected to work together, thereby maximizing pain relief. The goal of palliative care is to achieve the highest possible quality of life for patients and their families through symptom control and attention to the whole patient, where physical, psychosocial, emotional, and spiritual dimensions are addressed. Provision of relief from pain and distressing symptoms is best served by a specialized interdisciplinary team with a comprehensive approach. The continuity of care for the patient and family is supported by communication and a strong partnership with the primary biomedical research team and the palliative care team.

Despite a number of descriptive studies exploring the effectiveness of specialized pain and palliative care teams, the paucity of good evaluations, with any comparative design, urgently needs to be addressed. This is a randomized, repeated measures, evaluation study to explore the effectiveness of the inpatient Pain and Palliative Care Service intervention. The data collected during this study will not only include outcomes of the intervention, but also patient and family perceptions of the care delivery process including issues surrounding communication with health care providers. Patients with advanced malignancies who are currently participating in NCI Surgery Branch protocols will be asked to participate in a pain and symptoms management evaluation study. Each patient and a designated family member will be asked to complete a series of questionnaires over time exploring physical, psychosocial and emotional correlates of pain and symptom management. Data will be analyzed using multivariate statistics.

Study Design





National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
United States




National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:34:20-0400

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A type of pain that is perceived in an area away from the site where the pain arises, such as facial pain caused by lesion of the VAGUS NERVE, or throat problem generating referred pain in the ear.

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Pain originating from internal organs (VISCERA) associated with autonomic phenomena (PALLOR; SWEATING; NAUSEA; and VOMITING). It often becomes a REFERRED PAIN.

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