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RATIONALE: Thalidomide may stop the growth of neuroendocrine tumors by stopping blood flow to the tumor.
PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of thalidomide in treating patients who have metastatic neuroendocrine tumors.
- Determine the safety and efficacy of thalidomide in patients with metastatic low-grade neuroendocrine tumors.
OUTLINE: Patients receive oral thalidomide once daily on weeks 1-8. Courses repeat every 8 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 14-25 patients will be accrued for this study.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumor
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:56:27-0400
This randomized phase II trial studies how well pazopanib hydrochloride works in treating patients with carcinoid tumors that are growing, spreading, or getting worse. Pazopanib hydrochlor...
Gastrointestinal vascular malformation (GIVM), which is an important cause of acute or chronic gastrointestinal bleeding, currently lacks of effective treatment. Our previous study first c...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether Thalidomide is effective in the treatment of arteriovenous malformations in the gastrointestinal tract.
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Interferon alfa may interfere with the growth of the cancer cells. C...
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether everolimus 10 mg / day added to treatment with depot octreotide prolongs progression free survival compared to treatment with octreotide a...
Patients with carcinoid tumors are at risk for profound intraoperative hypotension known as carcinoid crisis, which catecholamines are traditionally believed to trigger. However, data supporting this ...
Although carcinoid tumours are a rare gastrointestinal neoplasm with an incidence rate of 1-2.5 cases per 100 000 inhabitants, they are the most common neuroendocrine tumour of the stomach.
Transitional cell carcinoma is the most common type of bladder cancer in the United States. This case report discusses the finding of primary bladder carcinoid tumor (also called well-differentiated n...
Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) is a life-threatening complication comprised of hyperuricemia, hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia, and hypocalcemia attributed to release of intracellular contents. While tradi...
In the late 1950s and early 1960s the drug Thalidomide was marketed across the world as a non-addictive tranquilizer. Despite being given to pregnant women as a safe treatment for morning sickness, Th...
A symptom complex associated with CARCINOID TUMOR and characterized by attacks of severe flushing of the skin, diarrheal watery stools, bronchoconstriction, sudden drops in blood pressure, edema, and ascites. The carcinoid tumors are usually located in the gastrointestinal tract and metastasize to the liver. Symptoms are caused by tumor secretion of serotonin, prostaglandins, and other biologically active substances. Cardiac manifestations constitute CARCINOID HEART DISEASE. (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
Cardiac manifestation of gastrointestinal CARCINOID TUMOR that metastasizes to the liver. Substances secreted by the tumor cells, including SEROTONIN, promote fibrous plaque formation in ENDOCARDIUM and its underlying layers. These deposits cause distortion of the TRICUSPID VALVE and the PULMONARY VALVE eventually leading to STENOSIS and valve regurgitation.
A piperidinyl isoindole originally introduced as a non-barbiturate hypnotic, but withdrawn from the market due to teratogenic effects. It has been reintroduced and used for a number of immunological and inflammatory disorders. Thalidomide displays immunosuppresive and anti-angiogenic activity. It inhibits release of TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR-ALPHA from monocytes, and modulates other cytokine action.
A usually small, slow-growing neoplasm composed of islands of rounded, oxyphilic, or spindle-shaped cells of medium size, with moderately small vesicular nuclei, and covered by intact mucosa with a yellow cut surface. The tumor can occur anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract (and in the lungs and other sites); approximately 90% arise in the appendix. It is now established that these tumors are of neuroendocrine origin and derive from a primitive stem cell. (From Stedman, 25th ed & Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1182)
An ergot derivative that is a congener of LYSERGIC ACID DIETHYLAMIDE. It antagonizes the effects of serotonin in blood vessels and gastrointestinal smooth muscle, but has few of the properties of other ergot alkaloids. Methysergide is used prophylactically in migraine and other vascular headaches and to antagonize serotonin in the carcinoid syndrome.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...
Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers) - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...