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Thalidomide in Treating Patients With Metastatic Neuroendocrine Tumors

2014-08-27 03:56:27 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Thalidomide may stop the growth of neuroendocrine tumors by stopping blood flow to the tumor.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of thalidomide in treating patients who have metastatic neuroendocrine tumors.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Determine the safety and efficacy of thalidomide in patients with metastatic low-grade neuroendocrine tumors.

OUTLINE: Patients receive oral thalidomide once daily on weeks 1-8. Courses repeat every 8 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 14-25 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumor

Intervention

thalidomide

Location

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York
New York
United States
10021

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:56:27-0400

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PubMed Articles [7435 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

A validated LC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous determination of thalidomide and its two metabolites in human plasma: Application to a pharmacokinetic assay.

An accurate and sensitive LC-MS/MS method for determining thalidomide, 5-hydroxy thalidomide and 5'-hydroxy thalidomide in human plasma was developed and validated using umbelliferone as an internal s...

Case report: Ectopic Cushing's syndrome in a young male with hidden lung carcinoid tumor.

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Middle-aged individuals with thalidomide embryopathy have undergone few surgical limb procedures and demonstrate a high degree of physical independence.

Thalidomide is known to have induced thalidomide embryopathy (TE) in more than 10,000 live-born children worldwide between 1957-1962.

OUTCOME OF LIVER RESECTION FOR CARCINOID NEUROENDOCRINE METASTASES.

Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumours, despite their low malignant potential, frequently metastasize to the liver. While liver resection improves survival and provides symptomatic relief, multifocal bilo...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A symptom complex associated with CARCINOID TUMOR and characterized by attacks of severe flushing of the skin, diarrheal watery stools, bronchoconstriction, sudden drops in blood pressure, edema, and ascites. The carcinoid tumors are usually located in the gastrointestinal tract and metastasize to the liver. Symptoms are caused by tumor secretion of serotonin, prostaglandins, and other biologically active substances. Cardiac manifestations constitute CARCINOID HEART DISEASE. (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)

Cardiac manifestation of gastrointestinal CARCINOID TUMOR that metastasizes to the liver. Substances secreted by the tumor cells, including SEROTONIN, promote fibrous plaque formation in ENDOCARDIUM and its underlying layers. These deposits cause distortion of the TRICUSPID VALVE and the PULMONARY VALVE eventually leading to STENOSIS and valve regurgitation.

A piperidinyl isoindole originally introduced as a non-barbiturate hypnotic, but withdrawn from the market due to teratogenic effects. It has been reintroduced and used for a number of immunological and inflammatory disorders. Thalidomide displays immunosuppresive and anti-angiogenic activity. It inhibits release of TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR-ALPHA from monocytes, and modulates other cytokine action.

A usually small, slow-growing neoplasm composed of islands of rounded, oxyphilic, or spindle-shaped cells of medium size, with moderately small vesicular nuclei, and covered by intact mucosa with a yellow cut surface. The tumor can occur anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract (and in the lungs and other sites); approximately 90% arise in the appendix. It is now established that these tumors are of neuroendocrine origin and derive from a primitive stem cell. (From Stedman, 25th ed & Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1182)

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