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Radiolabeled Monoclonal Antibody Therapy in Treating Patients With Gastrointestinal Cancer

2014-08-27 03:56:33 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies can locate tumor cells and deliver tumor-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. This may be an effective treatment for gastrointestinal cancer.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of radiolabeled monoclonal antibody therapy in treating patients who have gastrointestinal cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the biodistribution and biokinetics of iodine I 131-labeled monoclonal antibody CC49-delta CH2 in patients with gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma. II. Determine the human anti-human monoclonal antibody response in patients treated with this drug.

OUTLINE: Patients receive iodine I 131-labeled monoclonal antibody CC49-delta CH2 (131I MOAB CC49-delta CH2) IV over 5-10 minutes on day 0. Patients also receive unlabeled monoclonal antibody CC49-delta CH2 IV over 5 minutes followed by 131I MOAB CC49-delta CH2 IV over 5-10 minutes on day 28. Patients are followed weekly for 4 months and then every 3 months for 1 year.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 25 patients will be accrued for this study within 1 year.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Colorectal Cancer

Intervention

iodine I 131 monoclonal antibody CC49-deltaCH2

Location

UCSF Cancer Center and Cancer Research Institute
San Francisco
California
United States
94143-0128

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:56:33-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.

A humanized monoclonal antibody against the ERBB-2 RECEPTOR (HER2). As an ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT, it is used to treat BREAST CANCER where HER2 is overexpressed.

A group of autosomal-dominant inherited diseases in which COLON CANCER arises in discrete adenomas. Unlike FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI with hundreds of polyps, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms occur much later, in the fourth and fifth decades. HNPCC has been associated with germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. It has been subdivided into Lynch syndrome I or site-specific colonic cancer, and LYNCH SYNDROME II which includes extracolonic cancer.

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