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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Giving chemotherapy drugs before surgery may shrink the tumor so that it can be removed during surgery.
- Determine the outcome, in terms of local control, event-free survival, and overall survival, of children with localized unresectable neuroblastoma without MYCN amplification treated with carboplatin, etoposide, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and vincristine followed by surgery.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.
Patients receive carboplatin IV over 1 hour and etoposide IV over 2 hours on days 1-3 (courses 1 and 3). Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days 1-5 (or orally on days 2 and 3), doxorubicin IV over 6 hours on days 4-5, and vincristine IV on days 1 and 5 (courses 2 and 4). Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 courses. Patients then undergo surgical resection followed by 2 additional courses of chemotherapy.
Patients are followed at months 8, 10, 12, 16, 20, 24, 30, 36, 42, 48, and 60.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 100 patients will be accrued for this study within 4 years.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
carboplatin, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, etoposide, vincristine sulfate, adjuvant therapy, conventional surgery, neoadjuvant therapy
St. Anna Children's Hospital
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:55:15-0400
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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin, cyclophosphamide, etoposide, and doxorubicin hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by ...
Postoperative Treatment of Unilateral Retinoblastoma After Primary Enucleation according to histopathological risk factors of the International Retinoblastoma Staging Working Group.
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Population pharmacokinetics of carboplatin, etoposide and melphalan in children: A re-evaluation of paediatric dosing formulas for carboplatin in patients with normal or mild impairment of renal function.
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A semisynthetic derivative of PODOPHYLLOTOXIN that exhibits antitumor activity. Etoposide inhibits DNA synthesis by forming a complex with topoisomerase II and DNA. This complex induces breaks in double stranded DNA and prevents repair by topoisomerase II binding. Accumulated breaks in DNA prevent entry into the mitotic phase of cell division, and lead to cell death. Etoposide acts primarily in the G2 and S phases of the cell cycle.
Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.
An enzyme that catalyzes the activation of sulfate ions by ATP to form adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate and pyrophosphate. This reaction constitutes the first enzymatic step in sulfate utilization following the uptake of sulfate. EC 18.104.22.168.
Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the LIVER to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of LYMPHOMA and LEUKEMIA. Its side effect, ALOPECIA, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphamide may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.
An arylsulfatase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the 4-sulfate groups of the N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 4-sulfate units of chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate. A deficiency of this enzyme is responsible for the inherited lysosomal disease, Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS VI). EC 22.214.171.124.
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...