Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with peripheral stem cell transplant may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more tumor cells.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well chemotherapy followed by surgery and radiation therapy with or without stem cell transplant work in treating patients with relapsed or refractory Wilms' tumor or clear cell sarcoma of the kidney.
- Determine survival rates of patients with relapsed or refractory Wilms' tumor or clear cell sarcoma of the kidney treated with chemotherapy followed by surgical resection and adjuvant radiotherapy with or without autologous stem cell rescue.
- Determine the efficacy and toxicity of these regimens in these patients.
- Determine prognostic variables in patients treated with these regimens.
OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to one of three treatment regimens.
- Regimen A (patients with initial stage I tumors previously treated with vincristine with or without dactinomycin with relapse at least 6 months after diagnosis): Patients receive vincristine IV once weekly on weeks 1-10 and then every 3 weeks during weeks 11-52, dactinomycin IV every 3 weeks during weeks 1-52, and doxorubicin IV over 6 hours every 3 weeks during weeks 1-34 (weeks 1-28 if pulmonary radiotherapy is planned). Patients undergo surgical resection and radiotherapy after 6 weeks of therapy.
- Regimen B (patients with initial stage II tumors previously treated with vincristine and dactinomycin with relapse at least 6 months after diagnosis): Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV twice daily on days 1-2 and 22-23, etoposide IV over 1 hour on days 1-3, and doxorubicin IV over 6 hours on days 22 and 23. Treatment repeats every 42 days for a total of 4 courses. Patients undergo surgical resection and radiotherapy after 2 courses of chemotherapy. Patients not achieving complete response after 4 courses of chemotherapy undergo autologous bone marrow transplantation as in regimen C.
- Regimen C (all other patients in first relapses OR with progression on first-line therapy OR in second or subsequent relapse previously treated on regimens A and B): Patients receive carboplatin IV over 1 hour on day 1, etoposide IV over 2 hours on days 1-3 and 22-24, and cyclophosphamide IV twice daily on days 22 and 23. Treatment repeats every 42 days for a total of 3 courses. Patients may undergo surgical resection prior to stem cell rescue. Beginning within 6 weeks after completion of chemotherapy, patients receive melphalan IV on day -1. Autologous peripheral blood stem cells or bone marrow is reinfused on day 0. Patients undergo radiotherapy after transplantation.
Patients are followed every 8 weeks for 1 year, every 12 weeks for 1 year, and then every 6 months thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 75 patients (25 for regimens A and B and 50 for regimen C) will be accrued for this study.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
dactinomycin, carboplatin, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, etoposide, melphalan, vincristine sulfate, autologous bone marrow transplantation, conventional surgery, peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, radiation therapy
Our Lady's Hospital for Sick Children Crumlin
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:56:34-0400
This randomized phase III trial studies how well doxorubicin hydrochloride and cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel with or without carboplatin work in treating patients with triple-neg...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as vincristine, irinotecan, ifosfamide, etoposide, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, and dactinomycin, work in different ways to stop the growth of...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel, cyclophosphamide, melphalan, and etoposide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin, cyclophosphamide, etoposide, and doxorubicin hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by ...
This is a "tissue banking and data review" research study that also has a "clinical" research part: - The goal of the tissue banking part of this study is to store tissue in a research...
High-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is the current standard of care for relapsed non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Conditioning regimens with hig...
The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of TECAM (thiotepa, etoposide, cyclophosphamide, cytarabine, and melphalan) and BEAM (carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine, and melphalan) c...
Purpose For over 30 years, the place of consolidation high-dose chemotherapy in Ewing sarcoma (ES) has been controversial. A randomized study was conducted to determine whether consolidation high-dose...
Purpose Intermediate-risk rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) includes patients with either nonmetastatic, unresected embryonal RMS (ERMS) with an unfavorable primary site or nonmetastatic alveolar RMS (ARMS). The...
Based on improvement in pathologic complete response (pCR) in the NeoSphere and TRYPHAENA studies, the FDA approved neoadjuvant pertuzumab for HER2+ localized breast cancer. These studies demonstrat...
A semisynthetic derivative of PODOPHYLLOTOXIN that exhibits antitumor activity. Etoposide inhibits DNA synthesis by forming a complex with topoisomerase II and DNA. This complex induces breaks in double stranded DNA and prevents repair by topoisomerase II binding. Accumulated breaks in DNA prevent entry into the mitotic phase of cell division, and lead to cell death. Etoposide acts primarily in the G2 and S phases of the cell cycle.
An alkylating nitrogen mustard that is used as an antineoplastic in the form of the levo isomer - MELPHALAN, the racemic mixture - MERPHALAN, and the dextro isomer - MEDPHALAN; toxic to bone marrow, but little vesicant action; potential carcinogen.
A compound composed of a two CYCLIC PEPTIDES attached to a phenoxazine that is derived from STREPTOMYCES parvullus. It binds to DNA and inhibits RNA synthesis (transcription), with chain elongation more sensitive than initiation, termination, or release. As a result of impaired mRNA production, protein synthesis also declines after dactinomycin therapy. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1993, p2015)
Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the LIVER to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of LYMPHOMA and LEUKEMIA. Its side effect, ALOPECIA, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphamide may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.
An organoplatinum compound that possesses antineoplastic activity.
Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the patient's own body, for the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged or absent organ. The emerging field of regenerative ...
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...