Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The proposal targets a population of individuals of great public health importance who are of high risk for weight gain: pre-school children of overweight parents. Family-based interventions are both theoretically and functionally reasonable approaches for use with these subjects, and the choice to focus on both increased physical activity and healthier food choices in the context of the family's environment is appropriate. The decision to include weight management outcomes on the parent as secondary endpoint is strategically wise and may provide important insights into the process of weight management. A broad array of data is to be collected and strong justification is provided for the inclusion of each.
The study is in response to an initiative issued by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases and entitled "Innovative Approaches to the Prevention of Obesity". The resulting grant was later reassigned to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.
Approximately fifty child/parent pairs were recruited and randomized evenly to one of two groups: usual care versus an intervention focused on diet and activity strategies that included weekly group visits (24 weeks), biweekly group visits for parents (12 weeks), monthly group visits for parents (6 months) and quarterly group visits (12 months). Cognitive-behavioral therapy was used to guide interventions, which focussed on empowering a parent as the primary medium by which lifestyle changes were made. Major data collection at baseline, twelve, and 24 months included measures of weight; food and activity records; activity monitor recordings; biopsychosocial profiles; blood lipids, glucose, and insulin; process measures; parenting behavior; and child behavior. The primary study outcome measure was age- and gender-appropriate changes in BMI (expressed as a binomial response). Additional outcomes of particular interest were weight changes in the parent, diet and physical activity levels, parenting skills, and biopsychosocial measures.
Observational Model: Defined Population, Observational Model: Natural History, Time Perspective: Longitudinal
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:55:16-0400
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been associated with a variety of cardiovascular diseases. Even most industrialised countries exhibit a growing and aging population of HIV...
This study evaluates the effects of different volumes of aerobic exercise training in cardiovascular parameters of patients with cardiovascular diseases enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitatio...
To develop a comprehensive protocol for assessing cardiovascular reactivity to stressors, for use in epidemiological and clinical investigations of cardiovascular diseases in healthy popul...
The Silesian Cardiovascular Database is an observational study of all patients hospitalized due to cardiovascular diseases. The date include information on the clinical characteristics, tr...
The incidence of cardiovascular diseases is still high and further efforts should be done in primary prevention. The main objective is to quantify the burden of subclinical atherosclerosis...
Cardiovascular diseases possess a major cause for fatality and disability the world over. Since last several decades, the rates of cardiovascular diseases-related deaths have decreased in a number of ...
Although alexithymia has been suggested to be associated with cardiovascular diseases, studies are scarce and a causal relationship is questionable. This study explored the prospective association bet...
Cardiovascular disease is a primary cause of mortality worldwide. Therefore, it is of major interest to identify sensitive molecular markers that predict cardiovascular events and point to therapeutic...
Evaluation of the effectiveness of risk management in persons with high cardiovascular risk is an important element in reducing the death rate of the population from cardiovascular diseases (CVD).
The fact that microRNAs play an important role in the development and pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease is beyond doubt. This article provides a brief overview of recent data that relate to micro...
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
Blood pressure levels that are between normotension and hypertension. Individuals with prehypertension are at a higher risk for developing cardiovascular diseases. Generally, prehypertension is defined as SYSTOLIC PRESSURE of 131-139 mm Hg and/or DIASTOLIC PRESSURE of 81-89 when the optimal is 120/80 mm Hg. For diabetics and other metabolism diseases the prehypertension is around 110-129/70-79 mm Hg.
Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...