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Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Advanced Cancer

2014-08-27 03:56:35 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of combining 3-AP with cisplatin in treating patients who have advanced cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Determine the maximum tolerated dose of cisplatin when administered with 3-AP in patients with advanced cancer.

- Determine the toxic effects of this regimen in these patients.

- Determine the antitumor responses in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of cisplatin.

Patients receive 3-AP IV over 2 hours on days 1-4 and cisplatin IV over 1 hour on days 2 and 3. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of cisplatin until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 15-25 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific

Intervention

cisplatin, triapine

Location

Arizona Clinical Research Center
Tucson
Arizona
United States
85712

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:56:35-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.

A solid, unencapsulated tumor of the KIDNEY composed of spindle mesenchymal cells that resemble FIBROBLASTS or muscle cells. The homogeneous mass typically extends into the renal parenchyma and replaces most of the kidney. In most cases, mesoblastic nephroma is benign and occurs in the fetus or newborn, and rarely in the older child or the adult.

A transplantable, poorly differentiated malignant tumor which appeared originally as a spontaneous breast carcinoma in a mouse. It grows in both solid and ascitic forms.

A malignant cystic or semisolid tumor most often occurring in the ovary. Rarely, one is solid. This tumor may develop from a mucinous cystadenoma, or it may be malignant at the onset. The cysts are lined with tall columnar epithelial cells; in others, the epithelium consists of many layers of cells that have lost normal structure entirely. In the more undifferentiated tumors, one may see sheets and nests of tumor cells that have very little resemblance to the parent structure. (Hughes, Obstetric-Gynecologic Terminology, 1972, p184)

A solid tumor consisting of a dense infiltration of MAST CELLS. It is generally benign.

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