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Analysis of Prostate Cancer Short-Term Cultures Using Molecular Cytogenetic Methods

2014-08-27 03:56:40 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study will examine prostate tumor tissue cultures to try to identify genetic abnormalities that contribute to the cause or progression of the disease.

Patients with prostate cancer enrolled in the National Cancer Institute protocol 97-C-0147 (Collection of Serum and Tissue Samples from Patients with Biopsy-Proved or Suspected Malignant Disease) may be eligible for this study.

Specimens for tissue culture for this study will be obtained from tumors surgically removed from patients participating in NCI protocol 97-C-0146.

The findings of this study may lead to better methods of predicting the course of disease in individual patients.

Description

Prostate cancer is the most common solid tumor in American males and the most common malignancy among men in Western industrialized countries. Widespread testing for early detection of prostate cancer utilizing digital rectal examination and prostate specific antigen (PSA) has led to a significant clinical conundrum. Differentiating organ confined indolent disease from aggressive cancer has been imperfect. Nonetheless, increased detection has led to increased radical prostatectomies. A prevailing goal of the contemporary, ardent research seeks to discover a molecular biomarker for prognostication.

Given the limitations of the current knowledge of the molecular pathology of prostate cancer, there are several viewpoints regarding the process of tumorigenesis. However, a generally accepted hypothetical model describes normal prostatic epithelium progressing to a pre-malignant or low-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN). Then, after further genetic alterations, a succession of histologically apparent adenocarcinoma--first confined, then metastatic, and finally refractory to hormone treatment ensues. Current molecular research has shown already complex genetics alterations at the high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia stage. Thus, invasive disease represents amplification or further aberration of precursor events. The seminal event or events have not been recognized and the undiscovered tumor suppressor gene or proto-oncogene may be a principal tumor marker.

The purpose of this study is to identify specific, shared, consistent, chromosomal rearrangements found in metaphase preparations for short-term cultures of pathologically identified and scored primary prostate tumors. These, tumor specimens will be obtained from patients enrolled in protocol (97-C-0147) by the NCI. Fresh tumor, taken from bi-valved specimens with one half undergoing tissue pathology, will be immediately placed in growth media and transferred as a coded specimen as a sample from patients selected and enrolled in protocol (97-C-0147). Informed consent will be obtained by participating investigators in the NCI protocol. The outcome measurement will be the characterization, or failure of characterization, of specific, shared consistent, chromosomal rearrangements. Current molecular cytogenetics technologies, primarily utilizing chromosomal microdissection, will be employed toward this goal. Ultimately, this research may help to focus further molecular studies towards the ultimate goal of finding a unique, cancer specific alteration.

Study Design

N/A

Conditions

Prostate Cancer

Location

National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
Bethesda
Maryland
United States
20892

Status

Completed

Source

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:56:40-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.

A synthetic retinoid that is used orally as a chemopreventive against prostate cancer and in women at risk of developing contralateral breast cancer. It is also effective as an antineoplastic agent.

Tissue ablation of the PROSTATE performed by ultrasound from a transducer placed in the RECTUM. The procedure is used to treat prostate cancer (PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA).

Proteins secreted by the prostate gland. The major secretory proteins from the human prostate gland include PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, prostate-specific acid phosphatase, prostate-specific membrane antigen, and prostate-specific protein-94.

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