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RATIONALE: Chemoprevention therapy is the use of certain drugs to try to prevent the development of cancer. Selenium may be effective in preventing cancer. It is not yet known which dose of selenium may be most effective in preventing cancer.
PURPOSE: Randomized pilot study to determine the effectiveness of selenium in preventing cancer in healthy people.
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine whether daily supplementation with selenium significantly reduces total cancer incidence and site-specific cancer incidence in the general population. II. Determine whether this regimen has a beneficial effect on mood.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study. Participants are stratified according to age (60-64 vs 65-69 vs 70-74). Participants are randomized to one of four arms. Arm I: Participants receive oral placebo once daily. Arm II: Participants receive low-dose oral selenium once daily. Arm III: Participants receive moderate-dose oral selenium once daily. Arm IV: Participants receive high-dose oral selenium once daily. Treatment in all arms continues for up to 2 years in the absence of unacceptable side effects or diagnosis of cancer.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 510 patients (170 per stratum) will be accrued for this study within 9-12 months.
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:55:43-0400
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Selenium has transitioned from an environmental poison and carcinogen to an essential micronutrient associated with a broad array of health promoting effects. These beneficial effects are now accepted...
A selenium compound used as a source of SELENIUM, especially for patients that develop selenium deficiency following prolonged PARENTERAL NUTRITION.
Unstable isotopes of selenium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Se atoms with atomic weights 70-73, 75, 79, 81, and 83-85 are radioactive selenium isotopes.
A group of proteins that covalently attach to selenium or SELENIUM-containing compounds.
Inorganic compounds formed through the oxidation of selenium.
Inorganic compounds that contain selenium as an integral part of the molecule.
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...
Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers) - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...