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To determine the safety and effectiveness of pyridoxylated hemoglobin polyoxyethylene conjugate (PHP) administered by continuous intravenous (IV) infusion in systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) patients with shock. PHP is a human-derived chemically modified hemoglobin preparation. PHP selectively scavenges excess nitric oxide (NO) and does so in a catalytic, concentration-dependent reaction that results in the formation of the non-toxic NO metabolite, nitrate. PHP is postulated to reduce excess, toxic levels of NO while allowing critical beneficial levels of the molecule to persist.
This Phase 3, randomized, placebo controlled, multi-center study is designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of continuous IV infusion of PHP plus conventional vasopressor treatment, as compared to continuous IV infusion of Plasma-Lyte A plus conventional vasopressor, as a treatment for restoring hemodynamic stability in SIRS patients with shock. Conventional vasopressors include dopamine > 5 mcg/kg/min; or norepinephrine, phenylephrine or epinephrine at any dose.
The study consists of a Screening period, a Pre-Treatment period, and a 28-day Treatment period. Efficacy will be determined by evaluating objective clinical measures of mortality and organ function over the 28-day treatment period.
The safety and tolerability of PHP will be evaluated over the continuous 28 days using a number of measures including an evaluation of:
- all cause mortality,
- median patient survival time and
- adverse event rates and duration.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
pyridoxalated hemoglobin polyoxyethylene conjugate (PHP)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:55:49-0400
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The major component of hemoglobin in the fetus. This HEMOGLOBIN has two alpha and two gamma polypeptide subunits in comparison to normal adult hemoglobin, which has two alpha and two beta polypeptide subunits. Fetal hemoglobin concentrations can be elevated (usually above 0.5%) in children and adults affected by LEUKEMIA and several types of ANEMIA.
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An adult hemoglobin component normally present in hemolysates from human erythrocytes in concentrations of about 3%. The hemoglobin is composed of two alpha chains and two delta chains. The percentage of HbA2 varies in some hematologic disorders, but is about double in beta-thalassemia.
The presence of free HEMOGLOBIN in the URINE, indicating hemolysis of ERYTHROCYTES within the vascular system. After saturating the hemoglobin-binding proteins (HAPTOGLOBINS), free hemoglobin begins to appear in the urine.
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