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Continuous Infusion Gemcitabine in Treating Patients With Advanced Metastatic Cancer

2014-08-27 03:56:46 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of gemcitabine given as a continuous infusion in treating patients who have advanced metastatic cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Determine the maximum tolerated dose of continuous infusion gemcitabine in patients with metastatic malignancies.

- Determine the toxicity profile of this drug in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study.

Patients on dose levels 1-5 receive gemcitabine IV continuously over 72 hours on week 1. Patients on dose levels 6 and 7 receive gemcitabine IV continuously over 72 hours on weeks 1-3. Courses repeat every 2 weeks (for patients on dose levels 1-5) and every 4 weeks (for patients on dose levels 6 and 7) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of gemcitabine until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 3 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 27 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific

Intervention

gemcitabine hydrochloride

Location

Lutheran General Cancer Care Center
Park Ridge
Illinois
United States
60068

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:56:46-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A solid, unencapsulated tumor of the KIDNEY composed of spindle mesenchymal cells that resemble FIBROBLASTS or muscle cells. The homogeneous mass typically extends into the renal parenchyma and replaces most of the kidney. In most cases, mesoblastic nephroma is benign and occurs in the fetus or newborn, and rarely in the older child or the adult.

A transplantable, poorly differentiated malignant tumor which appeared originally as a spontaneous breast carcinoma in a mouse. It grows in both solid and ascitic forms.

A malignant cystic or semisolid tumor most often occurring in the ovary. Rarely, one is solid. This tumor may develop from a mucinous cystadenoma, or it may be malignant at the onset. The cysts are lined with tall columnar epithelial cells; in others, the epithelium consists of many layers of cells that have lost normal structure entirely. In the more undifferentiated tumors, one may see sheets and nests of tumor cells that have very little resemblance to the parent structure. (Hughes, Obstetric-Gynecologic Terminology, 1972, p184)

A solid tumor consisting of a dense infiltration of MAST CELLS. It is generally benign.

Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.

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