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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.
- Determine the toxic effects of arsenic trioxide in pediatric patients with refractory leukemia or lymphoma.
- Determine the maximum tolerated dose of this drug in this patient population.
- Determine the plasma pharmacokinetics of this drug in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to disease (acute promyelocytic leukemia [APL] vs non-APL).
- Stratum I (APL patients): Patients receive standard-dose arsenic trioxide IV over 2 hours daily 5 days a week for 4 weeks. Treatment continues every 6 weeks for up to 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
- Stratum II (Non-APL patients): Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of arsenic trioxide (according to the stratum 1 schedule above) until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which at least 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Once the MTD is determined, additional patients are accrued to receive treatment with arsenic trioxide at the recommended phase II dose.
Leukemia patients in both strata without progressive disease who have not achieved complete remission after the first 20 doses may continue to receive arsenic trioxide for 2 additional weeks.
Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A maximum of 18 patients will be accrued for stratum I of this study within 2-3 years. A total of 3-30 patients will be accrued for stratum II of this study within 1-2 years.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Arkansas Cancer Research Center at University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:56:47-0400
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A strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) producing leukemia of the reticulum-cell type with massive infiltration of liver, spleen, and bone marrow. It infects DBA/2 and Swiss mice.
Disorders associated with acute or chronic exposure to compounds containing ARSENIC (ARSENICALS) which may be fatal. Acute oral ingestion is associated with gastrointestinal symptoms and an encephalopathy which may manifest as SEIZURES, mental status changes, and COMA. Chronic exposure is associated with mucosal irritation, desquamating rash, myalgias, peripheral neuropathy, and white transverse (Mees) lines in the fingernails. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1212)
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