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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Giving the drugs in different combinations may kill more tumor cells.
PURPOSE: Phase II trial to compare the effectiveness of either irinotecan or fluorouracil plus leucovorin in treating patients who have metastatic colorectal cancer that has been previously treated with oxaliplatin with or without irinotecan.
- Determine the tumor response rate in patients receiving irinotecan or fluorouracil and leucovorin calcium for metastatic colorectal cancer previously treated with oxaliplatin with or without irinotecan.
- Determine the time to tumor progression, time to treatment failure, and overall survival of patients treated with these regimens.
- Determine the toxic effects of these regimens in these patients.
- Evaluate the quality of life of patients treated with these regimens.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to prior chemotherapy (oxaliplatin-based therapy vs irinotecan and oxaliplatin combination therapy). Patients are assigned to one of two treatment groups.
- Group I (prior oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy): Patients receive irinotecan IV over 90 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks.
- Group II (prior irinotecan and oxaliplatin combination chemotherapy): Patients receive leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours and fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1 and 2. Treatment repeats every 2 weeks.
- Both groups: Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with a confirmed complete response for 2 consecutive courses may discontinue treatment at investigator's discretion.
Quality of life is assessed at baseline, approximately every 6 weeks during treatment, and then after the last course of treatment.
Patients are followed every 3 months for 5 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 40-96 patients (20-48 per arm) will be accrued for this study within 1-2 years.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Active Control, Primary Purpose: Treatment
fluorouracil, irinotecan hydrochloride, leucovorin calcium
CCOP - Scottsdale Oncology Program
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:56:54-0400
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of sorafenib tosylate when given together with bevacizumab, irinotecan hydrochloride, leucovorin calcium, and fluorouracil in trea...
This phase I trial studies the side effects and the best dose of irinotecan hydrochloride, based on a genetic test, when given in combination with fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, and cet...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug and giving the drugs in different combi...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as irinotecan, fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. ...
This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of liposomal irinotecan and rucaparib and when given together with fluorouracil and leucovorin calcium and to see how well they...
Irinotecan (CPT-11) in combination with 5-fluorouracil (5FU) is widely used in the treatment of colorectal cancer. We assessed potential clinical variables that may predict toxicity and more specifica...
Survival with nal-IRI (liposomal irinotecan) plus 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin versus 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin in per-protocol and non-per-protocol populations of NAPOLI-1: Expanded analysis of a global phase 3 trial.
In the phase 3 randomised NAPOLI-1 clinical study, a 45% increase in median overall survival (OS) was shown with liposomal irinotecan, 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin (nal-IRI+5-FU/LV) versus 5-FU/LV in...
The NAPOLI-1 study (NCT01494506) reported that liposomal irinotecan plus 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin (nal-IRI+5-FU/LV) improved overall survival vs 5-FU/LV with manageable toxicity in patients with ...
To evaluate the safety and preliminary efficacy of dose-modified regimen of 5-fluorouracil plus oxaliplatin and irinotecan (mFOLFOXIRI) for patients with advanced colorectal cancer (CRC).
Although irinotecan is an important anticancer drug for treating colorectal cancer, its dose-dependent side effects limited its clinical application. Thus, it's important to develop low-toxic candidat...
Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).
The active metabolite of FOLIC ACID. Leucovorin is used principally as its calcium salt as an antidote to folic acid antagonists which block the conversion of folic acid to folinic acid.
A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.
Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
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