Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Treatment of HIV-infected patients involves combining drugs from different classes of anti-HIV drugs. One preferred regimen for adults is 2 nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and 1 protease inhibitor (PI). For children, this regimen may be too complicated or the drugs may be too difficult to take by mouth. The purpose of this study is to determine the long-term safety and effectiveness of daily didanosine (ddI), efavirenz (EFV), and emtricitabine (FTC) in pediatric patients who have taken few or no anti-HIV drugs.
Anti-HIV treatment options are limited for pediatric patients because combination therapies recommended for adults may not be appropriate for children or adolescents. Few PIs are available in formulations appropriate for pediatric patients, and complex dosing schedules and food requirements may be detrimental to treatment adherence. A once-daily regimen of the NRTIs ddI and FTC and the nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) EFV has been shown safe and well tolerated in adults. This study will evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of a ddI, FTC, and EFV regimen in pediatric patients.
Patients will be followed for a maximum of 192 weeks; all patients will receive ddI, EFV, and FTC together once daily. Study visits will occur at study entry, Weeks 2 and 4, and every 4 weeks thereafter. Blood collection, medical history assessment, and a physical exam will occur at all visits; urine collection will occur at selected visits. Intensive pharmacokinetic (PK) studies will be done at Weeks 2 and 12 to determine if dose adjustments are required for any of the drugs. If virologic failure is determined, PK studies will be repeated 4 weeks after adjustments in therapy. Parents or guardians will be asked to complete treatment adherence questionnaires at some visits. Some patients may also be asked to participate in an additional PK study after Week 16 or week 96.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Didanosine, Efavirenz, Emtricitabine
Univ of Alabama at Birmingham - Pediatric
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:56:54-0400
The purpose of this study is to compare the safety and effectiveness of emtricitabine and stavudine when given with didanosine plus efavirenz to HIV-infected patients.
The purpose of this study is to see if it is safe and effective to give efavirenz plus stavudine plus didanosine to HIV-infected patients who have never received anti-HIV treatment.
The purpose of this study is to compare the antiviral activity of two treatment groups for HIV chronic infection: a QD regimen of didanosine, lamivudine and efavirenz versus a BID regimen ...
A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Efavirenz, Didanosine, and Stavudine in Combination With or Without Hydroxyurea in Antiretroviral Naive or Experienced HIV-Infected Patients
To determine the virologic benefits associated with the addition of hydroxyurea (HU) to combination drug therapy with didanosine (ddI), stavudine (d4T), and efavirenz (DMP) in HIV-infected...
This study will look at whether emtricitabine is as safe and effective as abacavir (ABC) when taken with stavudine (d4T) and efavirenz (EFV) in patients who have never taken anti-HIV drugs...
A maintenance three-day-per-week schedule with the single tablet regimen efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate is effective and decreases sub-clinical toxicity: the A-TRI-WEEK pilot trial.
Antiretroviral drugs contained in single tablet Atripla® have pharmacokinetic properties that could allow for longer than once-daily (OD) dosing. We hypothesized that simplifying Atripla® OD to 3-da...
A 3D-Bioplotter was employed to 3D print (3DP) a humic acid-polyquaternium 10 (HA-PQ10) controlled release fixed dose combination (FDC) tablet comprising of the anti-HIV-1 drugs, efavirenz (EFV), teno...
Efavirenz is used for the management of HIV infection during pregnancy in South Africa (SA), but it is contraindicated in patients with history of depression due to possible suicidal ideation. This st...
Association of CYP2B6 Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms Altering Efavirenz Metabolism With Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Treatment Relapse Among Human Immunodeficiency Virus/HCV-Coinfected African Americans Receiving Ledipasvir/Sofosbuvir in the ION-4 Trial.
In the ION-4 trial, hepatitis C virus relapse was rare, occurring only in African American patients, 80% receiving efavirenz for human immunodeficiency virus infection. We observed no indication that ...
Doravirine/Lamivudine/Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate is Non-inferior to Efavirenz/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate in Treatment-naive Adults With Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Infection: Week 48 Results of the DRIVE-AHEAD Trial.
Doravirine (DOR), a novel non-nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI), is active against wild-type Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-1 and the most common NNRTI-resistant variants, and has...
Inhibitor or Reverse Transcriptases or of RNA-dIrected DNA polymerase.
A pharmaceutical preparation of emtricitabine and tenofovir that is used as an ANTI-HIV AGENT in the treatment and prevention of HIV INFECTIONS.
A pharmaceutical preparation that contains emtricitabine, rilpivirine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. It is used to treat HIV INFECTIONS.
A pharmaceutical preparation of the ANTI-HIV AGENTS elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate that is used in the treatment of HIV INFECTIONS.
A dideoxynucleoside compound in which the 3'-hydroxy group on the sugar moiety has been replaced by a hydrogen. This modification prevents the formation of phosphodiester linkages which are needed for the completion of nucleic acid chains. Didanosine is a potent inhibitor of HIV replication, acting as a chain-terminator of viral DNA by binding to reverse transcriptase; ddI is then metabolized to dideoxyadenosine triphosphate, its putative active metabolite.
Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the causative agent of AIDS. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, more commonly known as HIV, is a member of the lentivirus sub-set of the retrovirus family of pathogens. It causes AIDS, or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Sy...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...