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RATIONALE: Vaccines made from a patient's white blood cells and tumor cells may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining vaccine therapy with chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells.
PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of vaccine therapy combined with leucovorin and fluorouracil in treating patients who have undergone surgery to completely remove stage II or stage III colon cancer.
- Determine safety and immunogenicity of adjuvant autologous tumor cell vaccine in patients with completely resected stage II or III adenocarcinoma of the colon.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to disease stage (II vs III).
Beginning 28-35 days after total surgical resection, patients receive adjuvant autologous tumor cell vaccine intradermally once weekly for 3 vaccinations. The first 2 vaccinations also contain BCG. Patients with stage II disease receive a fourth vaccination 6 months after surgical resection.
Beginning 10-17 days after the third vaccination, patients with stage III disease receive adjuvant leucovorin calcium IV and fluorouracil IV on days 1-5. Chemotherapy continues every 28-35 days for a total of 6 courses. These patients also receive a fourth vaccination 1 month after the completion of chemotherapy.
Patients are followed at 90 days and 6 months.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 30 patients will be accrued for this study.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
BCG vaccine, autologous tumor cell vaccine, fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, adjuvant therapy
John and Dorothy Morgan Cancer Center at Lehigh Valley Hospital
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:56:55-0400
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as alvocidib, oxaliplatin, fluorouracil, and leucovorin calcium, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the...
This partially randomized phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of c-Met inhibitor AMG 337 when given together with oxaliplatin, leucovorin calcium, and fluorouracil and ...
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of MEK inhibitor MEK162 when given together with leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, and oxaliplatin in treating patients with advan...
This phase II trial studies how long it takes colorectal cancer resistant to standard treatment to grow while receiving treatment with ziv-aflibercept, and how well adding fluorouracil and...
This phase II trial studies how well bevacizumab, fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, and oxaliplatin before surgery works in treating patients with stage II-III rectal cancer. Monoclonal an...
Soluble PD-1 (sPD1) can bind with ligands PD-L1/PD-L2 on the surface of dendritic cells (DCs). Therefore, a sPD1 vaccine fused with an immunogen can increase T cell activation against cancer. Here, we...
Multiple phase II clinical trials on the use of tumor vaccines in cases of high-grade gliomas (HGG), in particular autologous formalin-fixed tumor vaccine (AFTV), demonstrated the safety and potential...
The benefit of influenza vaccines is difficult to estimate due to the complexity of accurately assessing the burden of influenza. To improve the efficacy of influenza vaccines, vaccine manufacturers h...
Recipients of autologous haemopoietic stem-cell transplants (auto-HSCT) have an increased risk of herpes zoster and herpes zoster-related complications. The aim of this study was to establish the effi...
As a tumor antigen, mesothelin (MSLN) can be identified in various malignancies. MSLN is potential for antigen-specific cancer vaccines. We generated a novel chimeric DNA vaccine using antigen-specifi...
A live vaccine containing attenuated poliovirus, types I, II, and III, grown in monkey kidney cell tissue culture, used for routine immunization of children against polio. This vaccine induces long-lasting intestinal and humoral immunity. Killed vaccine induces only humoral immunity. Oral poliovirus vaccine should not be administered to immunocompromised individuals or their household contacts. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A combined vaccine used to prevent infection with diphtheria and tetanus toxoid. This is used in place of DTP vaccine (DIPHTHERIA-TETANUS-PERTUSSIS VACCINE) when PERTUSSIS VACCINE is contraindicated.
A suspension of killed Bordetella pertussis organisms, used for immunization against pertussis (WHOOPING COUGH). It is generally used in a mixture with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids (DTP). There is an acellular pertussis vaccine prepared from the purified antigenic components of Bordetella pertussis, which causes fewer adverse reactions than whole-cell vaccine and, like the whole-cell vaccine, is generally used in a mixture with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A vaccine consisting of DIPHTHERIA TOXOID; TETANUS TOXOID; and whole-cell PERTUSSIS VACCINE. The vaccine protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough.
A bacterial vaccine for the prevention of brucellosis in man and animal. Brucella abortus vaccine is used for the immunization of cattle, sheep, and goats.
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...
A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism, and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins or one ...