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The goal of this study is to aggressively treat insulin resistance and its clinical manifestations when they first appear in childhood, and to prevent the subsequent progression towards impaired glucose tolerance and type-2 diabetes. In the process of this clinical trial, we will learn more about the early manifestations of insulin resistance, its treatment, and its relationship to obesity and type-2 diabetes through parallel in-vivo and in-vitro studies.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Metformin, skin biopsy, diet and exercise, pioglitazone, rosiglitazone
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:56:55-0400
The purpose of this study is to determine if, in men and women with excess abdominal fat and insulin resistance, people with HIV infection respond differently than people without HIV to in...
The purpose of this study is to determine the Anti-Inflammation Effects of Pioglitazone, twice daily (BID), and Pioglitazone/Metformin Combination Therapy BID in Type 2 Diabetes Subjects T...
The purpose of this clinical research study is to learn if BMS-512148, added to insulin and one or two anti-diabetes medications (metformin and/or pioglitazone or rosiglitazone), can help ...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of rosiglitazone alone compared with rosiglitazone plus metformin or rosiglitazone plus losartan in the treatment of biopsy proven non...
This study will assess the safety and efficacy of adding nateglinide to treatment with basal insulin glargine, metformin and/or thiazolidinedione (pioglitazone or rosiglitazone), for patie...
Fracture risk is increased in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The pathophysiological mechanisms accentuating fracture risk in T2D are convoluted, incorporating factors such as hyperglycaemia, ...
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is characterised by infrequent or absent ovulation, and high levels of androgens and insulin (hyperinsulinaemia). Hyperinsulinaemia occurs secondary to insulin resista...
This network meta-analysis was conducted to compare effects of different placebo-controlled insulin-sensitizing drugs, including metformin, pioglitazone, rosiglitazone and troglitazone on hormonal par...
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) is expressed in various types of human cancer cells including leukaemia cells, and activation of PPARγ can inhibit cancer cell growth. However, ...
The present study aims to identify predictors for response to combination therapy with pioglitazone plus exenatide versus basal/bolus insulin therapy in T2DM patients who are poorly controlled on maxi...
A biguanide hypoglycemic agent used in the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus not responding to dietary modification. Metformin improves glycemic control by improving insulin sensitivity and decreasing intestinal absorption of glucose. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p289)
The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.
A syndrome with excessively high INSULIN levels in the BLOOD. It may cause HYPOGLYCEMIA. Etiology of hyperinsulinism varies, including hypersecretion of a beta cell tumor (INSULINOMA); autoantibodies against insulin (INSULIN ANTIBODIES); defective insulin receptor (INSULIN RESISTANCE); or overuse of exogenous insulin or HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENTS.
A pharmaceutical preparation of sitagliptin phosphate and metformin hydrochloride that is used in the treatment of TYPE 2 DIABETES.
Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS. It can be caused by the presence of INSULIN ANTIBODIES or the abnormalities in insulin receptors (RECEPTOR, INSULIN) on target cell surfaces. It is often associated with OBESITY; DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS; INFECTION; and certain rare conditions. (from Stedman, 25th ed)
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...