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Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Metastatic Ewing's Sarcoma or Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor

2014-08-27 03:57:00 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy in treating patients who have metastatic Ewing's sarcoma or primitive neuroectodermal tumor.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Determine the activity of cisplatin and etoposide in terms of response of patients with metastatic Ewing's sarcoma or primitive neuroectodermal tumor.

- Assess the bone marrow and kidney toxicity of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive cisplatin IV over 3 hours on days 1, 8, 15, 29, 36, and 43 and oral etoposide daily on days 1-15 and 29-43 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 21-45 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.

Study Design

Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Sarcoma

Intervention

cisplatin, etoposide

Location

Institute of Cancer Research - UK
Sutton
England
United Kingdom
SM2 5NG

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:00-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A semisynthetic derivative of PODOPHYLLOTOXIN that exhibits antitumor activity. Etoposide inhibits DNA synthesis by forming a complex with topoisomerase II and DNA. This complex induces breaks in double stranded DNA and prevents repair by topoisomerase II binding. Accumulated breaks in DNA prevent entry into the mitotic phase of cell division, and lead to cell death. Etoposide acts primarily in the G2 and S phases of the cell cycle.

An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.

A competitive serotonin type 3 receptor antagonist. It is effective in the treatment of nausea and vomiting caused by cytotoxic chemotherapy drugs, including cisplatin, and has reported anxiolytic and neuroleptic properties.

An experimental sarcoma of mice.

An experimental sarcoma of mice.

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