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Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Hodgkin's Disease or Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma That Has Not Responded to Previous Treatment

2014-08-27 03:57:00 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy in treating patients who have Hodgkin's disease or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that has not responded to previous treatment.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Determine the efficacy of gemcitabine, dexamethasone, and cisplatin in patients with relapsed or refractory Hodgkin's disease or aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

- Determine the qualitative and quantitative toxicity of this regimen in these two patient populations.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to disease (Hodgkin's disease vs non-Hodgkin's lymphoma).

Patients receive oral dexamethasone on days 1-4, cisplatin IV over 1 hour on day 1, and gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed at 4 weeks, 3 months, and then every 3 months thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 44-88 patients (22-44 per stratum) will be accrued for this study within 4-10 months.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Lymphoma

Intervention

cisplatin, dexamethasone, gemcitabine hydrochloride

Location

Tom Baker Cancer Center - Calgary
Calgary
Alberta
Canada
T2N 4N2

Status

Completed

Source

NCIC Clinical Trials Group

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:00-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.

A nitrogen mustard compound that functions as an ALKYLATING ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT and is used in the treatment of CHRONIC LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA and NON-HODGKIN'S LYMPHOMA.

A leukemia/lymphoma found predominately in children and young adults and characterized LYMPHADENOPATHY and THYMUS GLAND involvement. It most frequently presents as a lymphoma, but a leukemic progression in the bone marrow is common.

B-cell lymphoid tumors that occur in association with AIDS. Patients often present with an advanced stage of disease and highly malignant subtypes including BURKITT LYMPHOMA; IMMUNOBLASTIC LARGE-CELL LYMPHOMA; PRIMARY EFFUSION LYMPHOMA; and DIFFUSE, LARGE B-CELL, LYMPHOMA. The tumors are often disseminated in unusual extranodal sites and chromosomal abnormalities are frequently present. It is likely that polyclonal B-cell lymphoproliferation in AIDS is a complex result of EBV infection, HIV antigenic stimulation, and T-cell-dependent HIV activation.

A form of undifferentiated malignant LYMPHOMA usually found in central Africa, but also reported in other parts of the world. It is commonly manifested as a large osteolytic lesion in the jaw or as an abdominal mass. B-cell antigens are expressed on the immature cells that make up the tumor in virtually all cases of Burkitt lymphoma. The Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN) has been isolated from Burkitt lymphoma cases in Africa and it is implicated as the causative agent in these cases; however, most non-African cases are EBV-negative.

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