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131I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (131I-MIBG) is a norepinephrine analog that concentrates in adrenergic tissue and therefore holds promise for cell-specific treatment of neuroblastoma. This is a dual institution, Phase II study of 131I-MIBG administered at the previously defined maximum practical dose of 18 mCi/kg to children with relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Active, not recruiting
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:56:02-0400
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 131I-MIBG in patients with neuroblastoma, who relapsed following initial therapy.
131I-Metaiodobenzylguanidine (131I-MIBG) is one of the most effective therapies utilized for neuroblastoma patients with refractory or relapsed disease. In this pediatric phase 1 trial, 13...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of tandem HDCT/ASCT including high-dose 131I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) treatment. In the present study, a single arm...
This expanded access is the best available therapy/compassionate use designed to determine the palliative benefit and toxicity of 131I-MIBG in patients with relapsed/refractory neuroblasto...
This is an expanded access protocol/compassionate use single institution study designed to determine the palliative benefit and toxicity of 131I-MIBG in patients with progressive neuroblas...
High-risk neuroblastoma is characterized by poor long-term survival, especially for very high-risk (VHR) patients (poor response of metastases after induction therapy). The benefits of a tandem high-d...
Metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) a guanithidine analogue, labelled with 123I and 131I, is used for imaging and therapy of neuroblastomas and various neural crest tumors like paragangliomas, pheochromocy...
Global and regional sympathetic activity in the heart can be evaluated using [I]meta-iodobenzylguanidine ([I]mIBG) imaging. However, [I]mIBG is associated with low image spatial resolution and sensiti...
Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common extracranial solid tumor of childhood. Primary and secondary testicular involvement is extremely uncommon in neuroblastoma.
Neuroblastoma is a lethal tumor that commonly occurs in children. Polymorphisms in reportedly influence risk for several types of cancer, though their roles in neuroblastoma remain unclear. Here we e...
A guanidine analog with specific affinity for tissues of the sympathetic nervous system and related tumors. The radiolabeled forms are used as antineoplastic agents and radioactive imaging agents. (Merck Index, 12th ed) MIBG serves as a neuron-blocking agent which has a strong affinity for, and retention in, the adrenal medulla and also inhibits ADP-ribosyltransferase.
An indolocarbazole that is a potent PROTEIN KINASE C inhibitor which enhances cAMP-mediated responses in human neuroblastoma cells. (Biochem Biophys Res Commun 1995;214(3):1114-20)
A malignant olfactory neuroblastoma arising from the olfactory epithelium of the superior nasal cavity and cribriform plate. It is uncommon (3% of nasal tumors) and rarely is associated with the production of excess hormones (e.g., SIADH, Cushing Syndrome). It has a high propensity for multiple local recurrences and bony metastases. (From Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3rd ed, p1245; J Laryngol Otol 1998 Jul;112(7):628-33)
A moderately malignant neoplasm composed of primitive neuroectodermal cells dispersed in myxomatous or fibrous stroma intermixed with mature ganglion cells. It may undergo transformation into a neuroblastoma. It arises from the sympathetic trunk or less frequently from the adrenal medulla, cerebral cortex, and other locations. Cervical ganglioneuroblastomas may be associated with HORNER SYNDROME and the tumor may occasionally secrete vasoactive intestinal peptide, resulting in chronic diarrhea.
Genes of IAP elements (a family of retrovirus-like genetic elements) which code for virus-like particles (IAPs) found regularly in rodent early embryos. ("Intracisternal" refers to the cisternae of the endoplasmic reticulum.) Under certain circumstances, such as DNA hypomethylation they are transcribed. Their transcripts are found in a variety of neoplasms, including plasmacytomas, neuroblastoma, rhabdomyosarcomas, teratocarcinomas, and colon carcinomas.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...