Matching, Outcomes and Costs in Substance Abuse/Psychiatric Treatment

2014-07-23 21:56:07 | BioPortfolio


This project�s goal is to improve the quality of care and reduce treatment costs for veterans with substance abuse and psychiatric problems.



This project�s goal is to improve the quality of care and reduce treatment costs for veterans with substance abuse and psychiatric problems.


This project is evaluating a patient-treatment matching strategy to improve residential treatment for substance abuse patients with psychiatric disorders. Its immediate objective is to examine whether the matching strategy results in more effective and cost-effective treatment in VA programs. We hypothesize that patients with severe clinical problems will have better outcomes when they are matched to service-intensive programs; patients with moderate problems will have better outcomes when they are matched to programs having a lower intensity of services. For both patient groups, community treatment should prove to be more cost-effective than hospital treatment.


The project utilized a stratified randomized design. We paired each of three VA hospital programs that treat dual diagnosis patients and are high on intensity with a nearby high-intensity community residential facility (CRF) that contracts with the VA. We also paired four VA hospital and four CRFs that are low on intensity. Veterans who applied for substance abuse treatment at VA facilities were randomly assigned to either the VA hospital or CRF. Patient assessments have been conducted at intake (N=230), discharge, and a 4-month follow-up. Primary outcomes are patients� severity of substance abuse and psychiatric problems. Secondary outcomes are patients� functional status and their VA and non-VA health care utilization and its costs.



Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment


Dual Diagnosis


Matching Symptom Severity to Service Intensity


VA Long Beach Health Care System
Long Beach
United States




Department of Veterans Affairs

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:56:07-0400

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