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R115777 in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

2014-08-27 03:57:03 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of R115777 in treating patients who have relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the rate of objective response and disease stabilization in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma treated with R115777. II. Determine whether the degree of inhibition of FTase activity and farnesylation of lamin-B, H-, K-, and N-RAS in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and tumor tissue correlates with tumor response in patients treated with this regimen. III. Determine whether the presence of activating RAS mutations in myeloma cells predicts treatment response in patients treated with this regimen. IV. Correlate R115777 plasma levels and RAS mutation status with tumor response in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: Patients receive oral R115777 twice daily on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed for at least 30 days.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 12-42 patients will be accrued for this study within 25 months.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm

Intervention

tipifarnib

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:03-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An asymptomatic and slow-growing PLASMA CELL dyscrasia characterized by presence of MYELOMA PROTEINS and clonal bone marrow plasma cells without end-organ damage (e.g., renal impairment). It is distinguished from MONOCLONAL GAMMOPATHY OF UNDETERMINED SIGNIFICANCE by a much higher risk of progression to symptomatic MULTIPLE MYELOMA.

A rare, aggressive variant of MULTIPLE MYELOMA characterized by the circulation of excessive PLASMA CELLS in the peripheral blood. It can be a primary manifestation of multiple myeloma or develop as a terminal complication during the disease.

Abnormal immunoglobulins characteristic of MULTIPLE MYELOMA.

A nonproliferative disorder of the PLASMA CELL characterized by excessive production and misfolding of IMMUNOGLOBULIN LIGHT CHAINS that form insoluble amyloid fibrils (see AMYLOID DEPOSITS) in various tissues. Clinical features include LIVER FAILURE; MULTIPLE MYELOMA; NEPHROTIC SYNDROME; RESTRICTIVE CARDIOMYOPATHY, and neuropathies.

A pyrazine and boronic acid derivative that functions as a reversible PROTEASOME INHIBITOR. It is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT in the treatment of MULTIPLE MYELOMA and MANTLE CELL LYMPHOMA.

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