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RATIONALE: Vaccines made from a person's cancer cells may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells.
- Determine the safety of immunization with autologous in vitro-treated tumor cells and dendritic cells in combination with sargramostim (GM-CSF) in patients with stage IV or recurrent melanoma.
- Determine the frequency of conversion of delayed tumor hypersensitivity tests in patients treated with this regimen.
- Determine the progression-free and overall survival in patients treated with this regimen.
- Determine the objective tumor response rate in patients with measurable melanoma treated with this regimen.
OUTLINE: Patients are stratified according to presence of measurable disease at study initiation (yes vs no).
Patients undergo tumor cell harvest. Patients with multiple persistent sites of metastatic disease after harvest may receive systemic therapy (biologic therapy and/or chemotherapy) during tumor cell line expansion over approximately 4 months. The tumor cell line is expanded, irradiated, and treated with interferon gamma.
Patients undergo leukapheresis to collect peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) to obtain dendritic cells (DC). The PBMC are treated with sargramostim (GM-CSF) and interleukin-4 for 7 days to produce DC. The DC are then cultured with the treated tumor cells for 18 hours.
Patients undergo delayed tumor hypersensitivity tests intradermally 1 week prior to vaccination and again at week 4. Patients receive vaccine therapy comprising autologous treated tumor cells and dendritic cells suspended in GM-CSF subcutaneously weekly for 3 weeks. Vaccine therapy continues monthly for an additional 5 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Patients are followed every 2 months for 1 year and then every 3 months for 4 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 30-80 patients will be accrued for this study.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
autologous tumor cell vaccine, therapeutic autologous dendritic cells
Hoag Cancer Center at Hoag Memorial Hospital Presbyterian
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:04-0400
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Methods of implanting a CELL NUCLEUS from a donor cell into an enucleated acceptor cell. Often the nucleus of a somatic cell is transferred into a recipient OVUM or stem cell (STEM CELLS) with the nucleus removed. This technology may provide means to generate autologous diploid pluripotent cell for therapeutic cloning, and a model for studying NUCLEAR REPROGRAMMING in embryonic stem cells. Nuclear transfer was first accomplished with frog eggs (RANA PIPIENS) and reported in 1952.
Lymphocytes that show specificity for autologous tumor cells. Ex vivo isolation and culturing of TIL with interleukin-2, followed by reinfusion into the patient, is one form of adoptive immunotherapy of cancer.
A cell-separation technique where magnetizable microspheres or beads are first coated with monoclonal antibody, allowed to search and bind to target cells, and are then selectively removed when passed through a magnetic field. Among other applications, the technique is commonly used to remove tumor cells from the marrow (BONE MARROW PURGING) of patients who are to undergo autologous bone marrow transplantation.
Non-hematopoietic cells, with extensive dendritic processes, found in the primary and secondary follicles of lymphoid tissue (the B cell zones). They are different from conventional DENDRITIC CELLS associated with T-CELLS. They are derived from MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS and are negative for class II MHC antigen and do not process or present antigen like the conventional dendritic cells do. Instead, follicular dendritic cells have FC RECEPTORS and C3B RECEPTORS that hold antigen in the form of ANTIGEN-ANTIBODY COMPLEXES on their surfaces for long periods for recognition by B-CELLS.
Recirculating, dendritic, antigen-presenting cells containing characteristic racket-shaped granules (Birbeck granules). They are found principally in the stratum spinosum of the EPIDERMIS and are rich in Class II MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX molecules. Langerhans cells were the first dendritic cell to be described and have been a model of study for other dendritic cells (DCs), especially other migrating DCs such as dermal DCs and INTERSTITIAL DENDRITIC CELLS.
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In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...