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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.
PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of irofulven in treating patients who have progressive or recurrent astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma, or glioblastoma multiforme.
- Determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of irofulven alone or combined with anticonvulsants known to be metabolized by cytochrome P450 in patients with progressive or recurrent high-grade anaplastic astrocytoma, anaplastic oligodendroglioma, or glioblastoma multiforme.
- Assess the pharmacokinetics of this drug on this schedule and determine the effects of P450-inducing anticonvulsants on the pharmacokinetics in these patients.
- Determine the response rate of patients treated with this drug administered at the MTD.
- Determine the duration of progression-free survival and overall survival of patients treated with this drug.
- Determine the toxic effects of this drug in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to concurrent use of anticonvulsant drugs that induce cytochrome P450 (yes vs no drugs or modest-induction drugs).
Patients receive irofulven IV over 30 minutes on days 1-4 or 1-5 (depending on dose-escalation level). Courses repeat every 4 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Cohorts of 3-6 patients (per stratum) receive escalating doses of irofulven until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which at least 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Once the MTD is determined, additional patients are accrued to receive treatment with irofulven at the recommended phase II dose.
Patients are followed at 1 week and then every 2 months thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 18 patients (9 per stratum) will be accrued for the phase I portion of the study. Approximately 17-35 patients will be accrued for the phase II portion of the study within 6-12 months.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors
University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:56:07-0400
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Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.
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