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Social Network Based Intervention to Reduce Lead Exposure Among Native American Children

2014-08-27 03:57:04 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to examine whether adding an inter-generational component to an existing social network-based lay health advisor intervention increases its effectiveness in mobilizing a Native American community to respond to heavy metal contamination from lead and zinc mining.

Description

Ottawa County, Oklahoma, the site of the research, was heavily mined for zinc and lead in the first half of this century. Mine tailings containing heavy metals are stored in large piles up to 200 feet in height. Ottawa County is home to 8 Indian tribes and much of the mine waste is on tribal land. Specifically, the study will: a) integrate existing Native American youth programs with the existing lay health advisor intervention (Society of Clan Mothers and Fathers) to form an inter-generational intervention, b) expand the existing lay health advisor intervention to address cadmium in addition to lead, c) use participatory research methods to involve tribal youth and adults in an air monitoring study, d) assess the extent to which the intervention contributes to belief, attitude and behavior changes that will reduce heavy metal exposure and absorption in Native American children; and e) assess the contribution of the intervention to creating changes in organizational, community, tribal and government (city, county, state, federal) capacity to address heavy metal contamination in Ottawa County, Oklahoma.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Historical Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Lead Poisoning

Intervention

Education on behaviors to reduce lead exposure

Location

Wyandotte Nation
Wyandotte
Oklahoma
United States
74370

Status

Completed

Source

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:04-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Injury to the nervous system secondary to exposure to lead compounds. Two distinct clinical patterns occur in children (LEAD POISONING, NERVOUS SYSTEM, CHILDHOOD) and adults (LEAD POISONING, NERVOUS SYSTEM, ADULT). In children, lead poisoning typically produces an encephalopathy. In adults, exposure to toxic levels of lead is associated with a peripheral neuropathy.

Poisoning that results from chronic or acute ingestion, injection, inhalation, or skin absorption of LEAD or lead compounds.

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Unstable isotopes of lead that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Pb atoms with atomic weights 194-203, 205, and 209-214 are radioactive lead isotopes.

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