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Testosterone for HIV-Positive Men With Reduced Serum Testosterone Levels and Abdominal Fat

2014-08-27 03:57:10 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to see if treatment with testosterone will reduce abdominal fat in HIV-positive men.

Many HIV patients on antiretroviral therapy show an increase in abdominal fat. Studies have shown that treatment with testosterone may decrease abdominal fat. This study will determine if testosterone will reduce abdominal fat in HIV patients.

Description

Reports suggest that many HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy experience an increase in abdominal fat. The mechanisms of abdominal fat accumulation in HIV-infected patients are not known. Studies have shown: treatment with testosterone gel reduces total body fat in young, androgen-deficient men; testosterone replacement in middle-aged men with mid-segment obesity decreases visceral fat; and replacement doses of testosterone decrease fat mass and augment lean body mass in HIV-infected men with androgen deficiency. Therefore, there is a strong rationale for evaluating the effectiveness of testosterone replacement in HIV-infected men with visceral obesity and low testosterone levels.

Patients are stratified based on their viral load. Patients receive either testosterone gel or placebo applied to the skin once daily for 24 weeks. Patients remain on their current antiretroviral regimens, which are not supplied through the study. Patients who receive testosterone during the first 24 weeks are eligible to receive it for an additional 24 weeks. Patients on placebo are followed for an additional 24 weeks. Clinical and laboratory evaluations for visceral fat changes are performed throughout the study.

Study Design

Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

HIV Infections

Intervention

Testosterone

Location

Univ of Southern California / LA County USC Med Ctr
Los Angeles
California
United States
900331079

Status

Completed

Source

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:10-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Steroidal compounds related to TESTOSTERONE, the major mammalian male sex hormone. Testosterone congeners include important testosterone precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with androgenic activities.

A potent androgenic metabolite of TESTOSTERONE. Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is generated by a 5-alpha reduction of testosterone. Unlike testosterone, DHT cannot be aromatized to ESTRADIOL therefore DHT is considered a pure androgenic steroid.

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An ester of TESTOSTERONE with a propionate substitution at the 17-beta position.

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