Advertisement

Topics

A Comparison of the Effectiveness, Safety, and Tolerability of Two Different Hepatitis C Treatments in Patients Infected With Both HIV and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)

2014-08-27 03:57:11 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to see if treatment with PEG-interferon-alfa-2a (PEG-IFN) plus ribavirin is a more effective treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV) than interferon-alfa-2a (IFN) plus ribavirin for patients infected with both HCV and HIV. The study will also compare the 2 regimens to see which has fewer side effects.

HCV infection is common in patients infected with HIV. Patients infected with both HIV and HCV viruses seem to have more severe hepatitis C. A combination of IFN and ribavirin has been shown to lessen the severity of HCV. PEG-IFN is a modified form of IFN that stays in the blood longer, which means that patients would not have to take the treatment as often. This study will compare the safety and effectiveness of PEG-IFN to IFN when each is combined with ribavirin.

Description

Infection with HCV is common in patients infected with HIV owing to similar routes of transmission. The cellular immunosuppression caused by HIV infection appears to lead to an increased HCV plasma load, more progressive liver disease, and, in patients with chronic hepatitis C, increased mortality. Ribavirin treatment combined with IFN has shown improved sustained virologic response rates over IFN monotherapy. PEG-IFN, a chemically modified formulation of IFN, circulates for a much longer time in the blood than the parent compound. Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic data suggest that PEG-IFN injected weekly would have the potential for superior efficacy as compared with IFN injected 3 times per week. The efficacy and safety profiles of combination therapy with PEG-IFN and ribavirin are not well known. This study will compare combination therapy consisting of PEG-IFN and ribavirin with that of IFN and ribavirin.

Patients are stratified according to HCV genotype and CD4 count and viral load, then randomized to either Arm A (IFN plus ribavirin) or Arm B (PEG-IFN plus ribavirin). Patients receive up to 48 weeks of treatment. Virologic response is assessed at Week 24 and a decision to continue or discontinue treatment is made. If a virologic response is shown at Week 24, the patient continues treatment for an additional 24 weeks. If no virologic response is observed, then the histologic response is assessed by a liver biopsy. If biopsy shows a histologic response is present, treatment is continued for 24 weeks. If biopsy shows no histologic response, treatment is discontinued. [AS PER AMENDMENT 07/20/01: Patients with virologic response who discontinue after Week 24 will have liver biopsy at time of discontinuation. Patients with no virologic response continuing study treatment after having a liver biopsy within 2 weeks of Week 24, who also demonstrate histologic response and decide to discontinue after Week 24, are strongly encouraged to have a 2nd liver biopsy at the end of treatment. Patients with no virologic response who discontinue after Week 24 will not have liver biopsy at time of discontinuation.] Physical examinations are done regularly and blood samples collected for routine laboratory tests, confidential genetic testing, and to measure HCV and HIV-1 plasma viral loads. Women able to become pregnant have regular pregnancy tests. All patients are followed for an additional 24 weeks after treatment discontinuation.

Patients may enroll in 1 or none of the following substudies: A5091s, Hepatic C Viral Kinetics in Subjects Co-infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) and Hepatitis C Virus Genotype 1 (HCV-1); [AS PER AMENDMENT 07/20/01: The following text has been deleted: or A5092s, Evaluation of the Effects of Ribavirin on Zidovudine (ZDV) or Stavudine (d4T) Triphosphate Formation] [AS PER AMENDMENT 07/20/01: Substudy A5092s, Evaluation of the Effects of Ribavirin on Zidovudine (ZDV) or Stavudine (d4T) Triphosphate Formation is now a stand-alone study.]

Study Design

Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

HIV Infections

Intervention

Ribavirin, Interferon alfa-2a, Peginterferon alfa-2a

Location

UCLA CARE Ctr
Los Angeles
California
United States
90095

Status

Completed

Source

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:11-0400

Clinical Trials [1605 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Efficacy of Albumin Interferon Alfa-2b With Ribavirin Compared With Peg-IFN Alfa-2a With Ribavirin in IFN Naive Patients

This is a phase 3, randomized, multi-center study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of albumin interferon alfa 2b (alb-IFN)in combination with ribavirin compared with peginterferon alfa-...

Boceprevir in Combination With Peginterferon Alfa-2a and Ribavirin in Subjects With Chronic Hepatitis C Genotype 1 Who Failed Prior Treatment With Peginterferon/Ribavirin (Study P05685AM2)

Based on previous experience with peginterferon alfa-2b/ribavirin in combination with boceprevir, the combination with peginterferon alfa-2a/ribavirin and boceprevir is expected to be safe...

REPEAT Study - A Study of PEGASYS (Peginterferon Alfa-2a (40KD)) Therapy in Combination With COPEGUS (Ribavirin) in Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C (CHC) Who Did Not Respond to Previous PegIntron (Peginterferon Alfa-2b (12KD))/Ribavirin Combination Ther

This 4 arm study is designed for patients with CHC who have not responded to peg interferon alfa-2b (12KD)/ribavirin combination therapy. In these patients, the effects of lengthening the ...

A Study of Peginterferon Alfa-2a in Combination With Ribavirin in Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C

This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of the combination of peginterferon alfa-2a plus ribavirin in treatment-naïve patients with HCV genotype 1b infection, compared with peginterf...

Pegylated Alfa-2b Interferon Therapy of Patients With Hepatitis C-related Cirrhosis and High Liver Cell Proliferation (Study P02733AM4)(COMPLETED)

This study aims to compare the role of peginterferon α-2b (50 μg/week) vs. control (no treatment) in the prevention of hepatocellular carcinoma, in adult patients with cirrhosis and init...

PubMed Articles [4136 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

No association between IFNL3 (IL28B) genotype and response to peginterferon alfa-2a in HBeAg-positive or -negative chronic hepatitis B.

It has yet to be firmly established whether host IFNL3 (IL28B) genotype influences interferon responsiveness in patients with chronic hepatitis B. We investigated associations between single-nucleotid...

An easy-to-use baseline scoring system to predict response to peginterferon alfa-2a in patients with chronic hepatitis B in resource-limited settings.

Approximately one-third of patients have durable responses after finite (48-week) treatment with peginterferon alfa-2a. The ability to identify patients likely to respond would be particularly useful ...

Changes in in vivo confocal microscopic findings of ocular surface squamous neoplasia during treatment with topical interferon alfa-2b.

To evaluate in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) findings of ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) during treatment with topical interferon alfa-2b (IFN alfa-2b).

Revisiting policy on chronic HCV treatment under the Thai Universal Health Coverage: An economic evaluation and budget impact analysis.

Thailand is encountering challenges to introduce the high-cost sofosbuvir for chronic hepatitis C treatment as part of the Universal Health Care's benefit package. This study was conducted in respond ...

A strategy to reduce inflammation and anemia treatment's related costs in dialysis patients.

This is a post-hoc analysis evaluating erythropoiesis stimulating agents' (ESA) related costs while using an additional ultrafilter (Estorclean PLUS) to produce ultrapure dialysis water located within...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A recombinant alfa interferon consisting of 165 amino acids with arginine at positions 23 and 34. It is used extensively as an antiviral and antineoplastic agent.

A recombinant alfa interferon consisting of 165 amino acids with lysine at position 23 and histidine at position 34. It is used extensively as an antiviral and antineoplastic agent.

A recombinant alfa interferon consisting of 165 amino acid residues with arginine in position 23 and histidine in position 34. It is used extensively as an antiviral and antineoplastic agent.

This recombinant erythropoietin, a 165-amino acid glycoprotein (about 62% protein and 38% carbohydrate), regulates red blood cell production. Epoetin alfa is produced by Chinese hamster ovary cells into which the human erythropoietin gene has been inserted. (USP Dictionary of USAN and International Drug Names, 1996).

A highly purified recombinant glycoprotein form of human THYROID-STIMULATING HORMONE, produced by recombinant DNA technology comprising two non-covalently linked subunits, an alpha subunit of 92 amino acid residues containing two N-linked glycosylation sites, and a beta subunit of 118 residues containing one N-linked glycosylation site. The amino acid sequence of thyrotropin alfa is identical to that of human pituitary thyroid stimulating hormone.

More From BioPortfolio on "A Comparison of the Effectiveness, Safety, and Tolerability of Two Different Hepatitis C Treatments in Patients Infected With Both HIV and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topics

Gastroenterology
Astroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Barrett's Esophagus Celiac Disease Cholesterol Crohn's Disease Gastroenterology Hepatitis Hepatology Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Pancreatitis Peptic Ulcer Disease...

Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the causative agent of AIDS. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, more commonly known as HIV, is a member of the lentivirus sub-set of the retrovirus family of pathogens. It causes AIDS, or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Sy...

Infectious-diseases
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...


Searches Linking to this Trial