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Cisplatin Combined With Radiation Therapy and Hyperthermia in Treating Patients With Stage II, Stage III, or Stage IV Cervical Cancer

2014-08-27 03:57:11 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Hyperthermia therapy kills tumor cells by heating them to several degrees above body temperature. Combining hyperthermia with radiation therapy and chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of cisplatin combined with radiation therapy and hyperthermia in treating patients who have stage II, stage III, or stage IV cervical cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Determine the feasibility of adding cisplatin and locoregional hyperthermia to external beam and intracavity radiotherapy in patients with stage IIB-IVA cervical cancer.

- Determine the acute toxicity of this regimen in these patients.

- Determine the complete response rate of patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients undergo external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) once daily 5 days a week for 5 weeks. On 1 day of each week, patients also receive cisplatin IV over 3 hours and hyperthermia over 90 minutes beginning 1-6 hours after completion of EBRT. During week 6, patients receive hyperthermia and cisplatin on the day before the 1 day of intracavity radiotherapy. Treatment continues in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed at 6-8 weeks, every 3 months for 3 years, and then every 6 months thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 6-34 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Cervical Cancer

Intervention

cisplatin, hyperthermia treatment, brachytherapy, radiation therapy

Location

Academisch Medisch Centrum
Amsterdam
Netherlands
1105 AZ

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:11-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Preliminary cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone/endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, hyperthermia, etc.) that precedes a necessary second modality of treatment.

Drug therapy given to augment or stimulate some other form of treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.

Irradiation of one half or both halves of the body in the treatment of disseminated cancer or widespread metastases. It is used to treat diffuse metastases in one session as opposed to multiple fields over an extended period. The more frequent treatment modalities are upper hemibody irradiation (UHBI) or lower hemibody irradiation (LHBI). Less common is mid-body irradiation (MBI). In the treatment of both halves of the body sequentially, hemibody irradiation permits radiotherapy of the whole body with larger doses of radiation than could be accomplished with WHOLE-BODY IRRADIATION. It is sometimes called "systemic" hemibody irradiation with reference to its use in widespread cancer or metastases. (P. Rubin et al. Cancer, Vol 55, p2210, 1985)

An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.

Organs which might be damaged during exposure to a toxin or to some form of therapy. It most frequently refers to healthy organs located in the radiation field during radiation therapy.

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