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This study will use a newly developed instrument called dynamic light scattering device (DLS) to examine age-related changes in the human lens and to study the causes and development of cataracts. DLS uses a low intensity laser light (similar to that used in supermarket checkouts) to measures lens cloudiness. It detects changes in the human lens at the earliest stages, when anti-cataract treatment would be most effective in reversing, delaying or preventing cataract formation.
Patients 18 years of age and older with cataracts and normal volunteers between the ages of 18 and 70 years may be eligible for this study. Participants will have a standard eye examination, including a vision check, pressure measurement, lens examination using DLS and examination of the retina. Photographs of the lens or retina, or both, may be taken.
This study does not involve treatment. No anti-cataract medications will be given.
Recently, a device has been created to determine molecular interactions that occur in the nucleus of the lens, called Dynamic Light Scattering Device (DLS). Preliminary studies have shown its potential in the detection of the earliest changes occurring in cataract, at the stage where anticataract treatment would theoretically be most effective in reversing, delaying or preventing cataracts. A new miniaturized version of this device has been developed by NASA using lower energy lasers and offered for further development and testing at the NEI. We recently conducted a pilot study to evaluate the usefulness and reproducibility of this instrument for quantitating lens changes, and found good reproducibility. We also determined that the most useful parameter to use is mean particle size derived from particle size distribution. We therefore propose to conduct a study on changes on the lens due to aging (age related changes), as well as on the three representative types of cataracts (nuclear, cortical and PSC).
National Eye Institute (NEI)
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:16-0400
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Partial or complete opacity on or in the lens or capsule of one or both eyes, impairing vision or causing blindness. The many kinds of cataract are classified by their morphology (size, shape, location) or etiology (cause and time of occurrence). (Dorland, 27th ed)
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