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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known which regimen of combination chemotherapy is more effective for metastatic colorectal cancer.
PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of two combination chemotherapy regimens in treating patients who have metastatic colorectal cancer.
- Compare the efficacy of intermittent high-dose oxaliplatin in combination with a simplified bimonthly regimen of leucovorin calcium (LV) and fluorouracil (5-FU) vs standard dose oxaliplatin in combination with the standard bimonthly regimen of LV and 5-FU in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.
- Determine the time to treatment failure, tolerance, response rate, and overall survival in patients treated with these 2 regimens.
- Compare quality of life of these patients treated with these regimens.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open-label, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to treatment center, performance status (0-1 vs 2), and number of metastatic sites (1 vs more than 1). Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms.
- Arm I: Patients receive oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on day 1, and leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours followed by fluorouracil (5-FU) IV over 22 hours on days 1 and 2.
- Arm II: Patients receive oxaliplatin IV and leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours followed by 5-FU IV over 46 hours beginning on day 1 for courses 1-6 and 19-24. For courses 7-18, patients receive leucovorin calcium IV followed by 5-FU IV as above beginning on day 1.
Courses repeat every 14 days in both arms in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Quality of life is assessed at baseline, after courses 4 and 6, and every 6 courses thereafter.
Patients are followed monthly for 3 months and then every 3 months thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 460 patients (230 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 18 months.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
FOLFOX regimen, fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, oxaliplatin
Hopital Saint Antoine
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:18-0400
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as leucovorin, fluorouracil, capecitabine, and oxaliplatin, use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Co...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug and giving the drugs in different combi...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells. Leucovorin m...
The goal of this clinical research study is to find the highest tolerable dose of a combination of dasatinib, cetuximab and FOLFOX (5-fluorouracil [5-FU], leucovorin [LV], and Eloxatin [ox...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells. It is not ye...
The combination of oxaliplatin, leucovorin and fluorouracil (FOLFOX) has been established as postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy for stage III colon cancer. However, the safety and efficacy of neoadju...
Efficacy and Tolerability of First-Line Cetuximab Plus Leucovorin, Fluorouracil, and Oxaliplatin (FOLFOX-4) Versus FOLFOX-4 in Patients With RAS Wild-Type Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: The Open-Label, Randomized, Phase III TAILOR Trial.
Purpose Cetuximab in combination with chemotherapy is a standard-of-care first-line treatment regimen for patients with RAS wild-type (wt) metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC); however, the efficacy of...
To evaluate the safety and preliminary efficacy of dose-modified regimen of 5-fluorouracil plus oxaliplatin and irinotecan (mFOLFOXIRI) for patients with advanced colorectal cancer (CRC).
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) overexpression is associated with increased tumor invasiveness and proliferation in C...
The recommended standard of care for patients after resection of stage III colon cancer is adjuvant 5FU-based chemotherapy - FOLFOX (fluorouracil, leucovorin with oxaliplatin) - or CAPOX (capecitabine...
Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).
The active metabolite of FOLIC ACID. Leucovorin is used principally as its calcium salt as an antidote to folic acid antagonists which block the conversion of folic acid to folinic acid.
A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.
Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...
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In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...