Advertisement

Topics

The Effects of Combination Anti-HIV Medication on Human Papillomavirus (HPV) in HIV-Infected Women

2014-08-27 03:57:18 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to see how often human papillomavirus (HPV) occurs in HIV-infected women who have not taken anti-HIV drugs and to learn whether taking anti-HIV drugs will affect HPV in women.

HIV infection increases the risk of getting HPV infection. Findings suggest that HIV infection as well as a weakened immune system may increase the chances of getting HPV. Aggressive anti-HIV medication has been shown to strengthen the immune system. Researchers want to learn whether anti-HIV drugs affect the HPV virus or decrease the chances of getting HPV. This study is important because it may provide important information to help manage a woman's health and to determine a woman's risk for developing problems with the cervix (outer end of the uterus).

Description

HIV infection is a significant risk factor for human HPV infection and the development of HPV-associated lesions in the female genital tract. Findings suggest that HIV infection and/or HIV-related immunosuppression increases a woman's susceptibility to HPV infection or alters the natural history of preexisting HPV infection. Treatment with HAART has been shown to result in significant increases in CD4+ cell counts and "partial reconstitution" of the immune system. It is not known whether treatment of HIV infection with potent antiretroviral regimens could affect the persistence of HPV infection and progression of cervical dysplasia. This study is important for HIV-infected women because of the implications for gynecologic management and determination of cervical disease risk.

At baseline, Weeks 24 and 48, and then every 48 weeks until study completion, women undergo pelvic examination and cervical specimens collection by the following methods: 1) Sno-strip; 2) cervicovaginal lavage; 3) cervical brush method; and 4) Pap smear. A colposcopy is required for any woman who has an abnormal Pap smear reading unless the abnormal Pap smear is thought to be due to an intercurrent infection. A cervical biopsy is strongly recommended in the event of an abnormal colposcopy. Blood is collected for HPV antibody testing, viral load, and CD4 measures.

Study Design

N/A

Conditions

HIV Infections

Location

Univ of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham
Alabama
United States
35294

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:18-0400

Clinical Trials [216 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Japanese Study Evaluating Safety, Efficacy and Acceptability of Telithromycin in Children With Infections

The primary objective is to assess the safety of telithromycin (HMR 3647) (20% fine granules) 1g filling sachet in children with infections (Respiratory tract infections, Dermatological in...

An Investigational Agent for the Treatment of Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections or Acute Pelvic Infections

The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of an approved medication for adults for an investigational use in pediatric patients 3 months to 17 years for the treatment of complic...

Central Nervous System Infections in Denmark

The Danish Study Group of Infections of the Brain is a collaboration between all departments of infectious diseases in Denmark. The investigators aim to monitor epidemiological trends in c...

Caspofungin Study for Fungal Infections in Adults in Critical Care Settings

Adults admitted to intensive care units are at risk for a variety of complications. One of the most frequent complications is the development of new infections. Infections due to a fungus...

Surgical Wound Infections After Vascular Surgery: Prospective Multicenter Trial

The purpose of this multicentre prospective trial is to determine the incidence and risk factors for surgical wound infections. Also the investigators will evaluate consequences of wound i...

PubMed Articles [3373 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

A New Scoring System to Predict Blood Stream Infections in Patients with Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections: Experience from a Tertiary Referral Hospital in China.

This purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of blood stream infections (BSIs) on the prognosis of patients with complicated intra-abdominal infections (IAIs) and to make predictions base...

mircoRNA-3162-3p is a potential biomarker to identify new infections in HIV-1-infected patients.

Identification of new HIV infections (HIV incidence) is critical for monitoring AIDS epidemic and assessing the effectiveness of intervention measures. However, current methods for distinguishing new ...

Characteristics and Outcome of Twenty-Nine Implant-Related Infections of the Hand and Fingers: Results from a Twelve-Year Observational Study.

Implant-related infections in hand surgery are dreaded complications, potentially leading to loss of finger joint function or amputation. Knowledge about the clinical presentation and treatment concep...

Clinical implications of asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum infections in Malawi.

Asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum infections are common in Malawi, however, the implications of these infections for the burden of malaria illness are unknown. Whether asymptomatic infections eventua...

Invasive Bacterial Infections in Infants Younger Than 60 Days With Skin and Soft Tissue Infections.

The objective of this study was to describe the frequency of invasive bacterial infections (IBIs) in young infants with skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) and the impact of IBI evaluation on disp...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Inflammation of brain parenchymal tissue as a result of viral infection. Encephalitis may occur as primary or secondary manifestation of TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.

Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)

Infections with viruses of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes MORBILLIVIRUS INFECTIONS; RESPIROVIRUS INFECTIONS; PNEUMOVIRUS INFECTIONS; HENIPAVIRUS INFECTIONS; AVULAVIRUS INFECTIONS; and RUBULAVIRUS INFECTIONS.

Pathogenic infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges. DNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; RNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; BACTERIAL INFECTIONS; MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; SPIROCHAETALES INFECTIONS; fungal infections; PROTOZOAN INFECTIONS; HELMINTHIASIS; and PRION DISEASES may involve the central nervous system as a primary or secondary process.

Infections with viruses of the order MONONEGAVIRALES. The concept includes FILOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.

More From BioPortfolio on "The Effects of Combination Anti-HIV Medication on Human Papillomavirus (HPV) in HIV-Infected Women"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topics

Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer is a malignant neoplasm of the cervix uteri or cervical area. Symptoms include vaginal bleeding, but may not present until later stages of the cancer. Cervical cancer can be treated using surgery (including local excision) in early stages...

Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the causative agent of AIDS. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, more commonly known as HIV, is a member of the lentivirus sub-set of the retrovirus family of pathogens. It causes AIDS, or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Sy...


Searches Linking to this Trial