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Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases diagnosed among children in the developed world, and its prevalence in western industrialized countries is increasing at an alarming rate. Little information is currently available regarding the role of maternal diet during pregnancy and birth weight in the risk of childhood asthma.
This longitudinal prospective study takes advantage of the resources provided by Project Viva, an ongoing prospective cohort study of pregnant women and their infant offspring among members of Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, a large managed care organization in New England. Data already available from Project Viva include detailed dietary data on mother and infant, along with data on anthropometric, social, environmental, demographic, economic, psychological, and lifestyle variables. The study will follow the Project Viva cohort until ages 3 to 4 years.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:22-0400
Interstitial lung diseases (ILD) are a group of diseases affecting the lung interstitium. The lung scarring that occurs in ILD is often irreversible with only mitigating therapy available ...
Disease related biomarkers have been established decades ago, e.g. blood glucose for diabetes diagnosis and management. Their discovery has grown dramatically during the past decade and th...
The study focuses on trefoil family factor (TFF) peptides in sputum in lung diseases. The investigators hypothesize that TFF peptides are upregulated in lung diseases characterized by mucu...
The cause of most interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) is still unknown. Further research, for example to determine predisposing genetic factors, is therefore needed. A database with relevant...
Recognition of disease specific clusters of volatile organic compounds in patients with different lung diseases, using breath analysis with ion mobility spectrometry. Lung diseases of inte...
Accurate diagnosis is essential for successful management of diffuse lung disease (DLD). Histopathology may sometimes be necessary. Surgical lung biopsy, the gold standard, carries a risk of morbidity...
IL-8 dependent inflammation is a hallmark of host lung innate immunity to bacterial pathogens, yet in many human lung diseases including COPD, bronchiectasis, and pulmonary fibrosis, there are progres...
According to the list published by the WHO for global top ten causes of death, lung diseases contribute nearly one-third of the total mortality. The current treatment on lung diseases provide only sym...
Diffuse lung diseases (DLDs) are a diverse group of pulmonary disorders, characterized by inflammation of lung tissue, which may lead to permanent loss of the ability to breathe and death. Distingu...
A diverse group of lung diseases that affect the lung parenchyma. They are characterized by an initial inflammation of PULMONARY ALVEOLI that extends to the interstitium and beyond leading to diffuse PULMONARY FIBROSIS. Interstitial lung diseases are classified by their etiology (known or unknown causes), and radiological-pathological features.
Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.
Any disorder marked by obstruction of conducting airways of the lung. AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION may be acute, chronic, intermittent, or persistent.
A condition characterized by infiltration of the lung with EOSINOPHILS due to inflammation or other disease processes. Major eosinophilic lung diseases are the eosinophilic pneumonias caused by infections, allergens, or toxic agents.
A rapidly growing non-tuberculous environmental mycobacterium causing OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTION that infects the skin and subcutaneous tissues. It is associated with HEALTH CARE ASSOCIATED INFECTION and causes serious lung infections in persons with various chronic lung diseases.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Asthma is caused by inflammation of small tubes, called bronchi, which carry air in and out of the lungs. If you have asthma, the bronchi will be inflamed and more sensitive than normal. When you come into contact with something that irritates your...
The term allergy is used to describe a response, within the body, to a substance, which is not necessarily harmful in itself, but results in an immune response and a reaction that causes symptoms and disease in a predisposed person, which in turn can cau...