Advertisement

Topics

Inflammation: Correlates and Prognosis in Framingham

2014-08-27 03:57:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To determine the relation between cardiovascular disease risk factors and systemic markers of vascular inflammation in the Framingham Study cohort.

Description

BACKGROUND:

Recent epidemiologic evidence suggests that inflammation plays a major role in the development of coronary artery disease. High sensitivity C-reactive protein assays have been shown to be independent risk factors for the development of atherosclerosis. Measurements of C-reactive protein also adds to the predictive value of lipid levels in determining the risk of cardiovascular disease. Levels of inflammatory markers may also correlate with response to commonly used lipid lowering agents. The exact role of inflammation in coronary artery disease is not clear; however, it has been suggested that inflammation may be a marker of subclinical cardiovascular disease, or may indicate the presence of vulnerable plaque. In addition to being a possible causative agent in the development of atherogenesis, it has been postulated that inflammatory markers may reflect events that predict the development of myocardial events. The fact that agents such as aspirin and pravastatin, which are known to have anti-inflammatory effects, are effective agents in the prevention of atherosclerosis suggests the possibility that prevention of inflammation may play an important role in reduction of risk for cardiovascular disease.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

The study assessed inflammatory markers in 3,765 men and women of the Framingham Study. The markers included inflammatory (C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1, endothelin-1, monocyte chemotactic protein-1, tumor necrosis factor-alpha) and oxidative stress markers (8-epi-PGF 2alpha, thromboxane B2). The relation between CVD risk factors and systemic markers of vascular inflammation was determined. The relations between inflammatory markers, endothelial dysfunction, and subclinical disease were analyzed. Markers of inflammation were related to prevalent and incident cardiovascular disease events adjusting for standard risk factors. The central hypothesis was that inflammatory markers were independent risk factors for cardiovascular disease events with endothelial dysfunction operating in the causal pathway.

Study Design

Observational Model: Defined Population, Observational Model: Natural History

Conditions

Cardiovascular Diseases

Status

Completed

Source

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:22-0400

Clinical Trials [1265 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Cardiovascular Diseases in HIV-infected Subjects (HIV-HEART Study)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been associated with a variety of cardiovascular diseases. Even most industrialised countries exhibit a growing and aging population of HIV...

The Effects of Aerobic Exercise in Microvascular Endothelium Function in Patients With Cardiovascular Diseases

This study evaluates the effects of different volumes of aerobic exercise training in cardiovascular parameters of patients with cardiovascular diseases enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitatio...

ARROW:identificAtion of postpRandial biomaRkers tOWards Cardiovascular Prevention

The purpose of this study is to better understand the association between the postprandial biomarker responses after a food challenge with the development of cardiovascular diseases in hea...

Development, Testing, and Validation of A Protocol To Assess Cardiovascular Reactivity in Human Populations

To develop a comprehensive protocol for assessing cardiovascular reactivity to stressors, for use in epidemiological and clinical investigations of cardiovascular diseases in healthy popul...

Cardiovascular Diseases in the Silesian Region in Poland.

The Silesian Cardiovascular Database is an observational study of all patients hospitalized due to cardiovascular diseases. The date include information on the clinical characteristics, tr...

PubMed Articles [11552 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

12-year trends in cardiovascular risk factors (2002-2005 through 2011-2014) in patients with cardiovascular diseases: Tehran lipid and glucose study.

To examine the trend of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors among a Middle Eastern population with prevalent CVD during a median follow up of 12 years.

Introduction and Update on Obesity and Cardiovascular Diseases 2018.

Pharmacological Modulation of Vagal Nerve Activity in Cardiovascular Diseases.

Cardiovascular diseases are life-threatening illnesses with high morbidity and mortality. Suppressed vagal (parasympathetic) activity and increased sympathetic activity are involved in these diseases....

Human Emotions on the Onset of Cardiovascular and Small Vessel Related Diseases.

The aim of the present study was to examine the relation between understanding of emotions and cardiovascular related diseases, namely coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus and obesity. The unique...

Epicardial fat and osteoprotegerin - does a mutual relation exist? Pilot study.

Epicardial fat (EPI) plays important role in development of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. According to population studies EPI represents independent risk factor of cardiovascular diseases (CV...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.

Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.

Diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (e.g., heart attacks and stroke), CANCER, chronic respiratory diseases (e.g., CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE and ASTHMA) and DIABETES MELLITUS.

Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)

Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.

More From BioPortfolio on "Inflammation: Correlates and Prognosis in Framingham"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topics

Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...

Blood
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells.  In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...

Nutrition
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...


Searches Linking to this Trial