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Chemotherapy Followed by Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Myelofibrosis

2014-08-27 03:57:23 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of chemotherapy followed by peripheral stem cell transplantation in treating patients who have myelofibrosis.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the ability of myeloablative chemotherapy followed by peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplantation to restore effective marrow hematopoieses in patients with advanced idiopathic myelofibrosis or myelofibrosis secondary to other myeloproliferative disorders. II. Determine the ability of this regimen to palliate symptoms and prolong survival in these patients. III. Determine if there is evidence of clonal hematopoieses before PBSC mobilization, in the PBSC product, and after transplantation in these patients. IV. Correlate the properties of the peripheral blood before mobilization and the PBSC product with engraftment in these patients. V. Correlate the markers of angiogenesis with clinical parameters in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients with evidence of leukemic progression receive cytoreduction therapy consisting of idarubicin IV on days 1-3 and cytarabine IV continuously over days 1-7 followed by filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously (SC) daily until blood counts recover and leukapheresis is completed. Patients undergo leukapheresis beginning when blood counts recover and continuing until the target number of cells are collected. Patients with no evidence of leukemic progression receive filgrastim SC daily until leukapheresis is completed. Patients undergo leukapheresis beginning on day 4 and continuing until the target number of cells are collected. Patients receive myeloablative therapy consisting of oral busulfan every six hours on days -5 to -2. Patients with leukemic progression begin myeloablative therapy at least 28 days after completion of chemotherapy. Patients receive autologous peripheral blood stem cells IV on day 0. Patients are followed at 1 month, 3 months, 1 year, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 10-44 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders

Intervention

filgrastim, busulfan, cytarabine, idarubicin, peripheral blood stem cell transplantation

Location

Katmai Oncology Group
Anchorage
Alaska
United States
99508-4627

Status

Completed

Source

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:23-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Transplantation of stem cells collected from the peripheral blood. It is a less invasive alternative to direct marrow harvesting of hematopoietic stem cells. Enrichment of stem cells in peripheral blood can be achieved by inducing mobilization of stem cells from the BONE MARROW.

The release of stem cells from the bone marrow into the peripheral blood circulation for the purpose of leukapheresis, prior to stem cell transplantation. Hematopoietic growth factors or chemotherapeutic agents often are used to stimulate the mobilization.

Hematopoietic stem cells found in peripheral blood circulation.

Transplantation of STEM CELLS collected from the fetal blood remaining in the UMBILICAL CORD and the PLACENTA after delivery. Included are the HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS.

A pyrimidine nucleoside analog that is used mainly in the treatment of leukemia, especially acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia. Cytarabine is an antimetabolite antineoplastic agent that inhibits the synthesis of DNA. Its actions are specific for the S phase of the cell cycle. It also has antiviral and immunosuppressant properties. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p472)

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