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Ondansetron in Treating Patients With Advanced Cancer and Chronic Nausea and Vomiting Not Caused by Cancer Treatment

2014-08-27 03:57:23 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Antiemetic drugs, such as ondansetron, may help to reduce or prevent nausea and vomiting in patients with advanced cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying how well ondansetron works compared to a placebo in treating patients with advanced cancer and chronic nausea and vomiting that is not caused by cancer therapy.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the antiemetic effect of ondansetron vs placebo in patients with advanced cancer who suffer from chronic nausea and emesis that is not due to antineoplastic therapy (i.e., chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy, biologic therapy). II. Determine the toxicity of ondansetron in these patients. III. Evaluate the use of other concurrent antiemetics in these patients when treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to abdominal carcinomatosis (yes vs no), renal insufficiency (creatinine less than 2.0 mg/dL vs creatinine at least 2.0 mg/dL), type of cancer (brain vs gastrointestinal vs other), and narcotic use (yes vs no). Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive oral ondansetron twice daily on days 1-7 and oral placebo twice daily on days 8-14 in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Arm II: Patients receive oral placebo twice daily on days 1-7 and oral ondansetron twice daily on days 8-14 in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 100 patients (50 per arm) will be accrued for this study within 1 year.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Conditions

Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders

Intervention

ondansetron

Location

CCOP - Scottsdale Oncology Program
Scottsdale
Arizona
United States
85259-5404

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:23-0400

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