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Exercise is a key component of behavioral weight loss programs because of its effect on weight loss, body composition, cardiovascular disease risk factors, and other obesity related diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus. Despite these benefits, it is unclear whether there is an optimal exercise duration and/or intensity that will enhance long-term weight loss. The current public health recommendation for physical activity is for individuals to participate in at least 30 minutes of moderate intensity physical activity on most days of the week (approximately 150 minutes per week total). However, it is unclear whether this amount of exercise is adequate for long-term weight loss. Moreover, cross-sectional studies have shown that individuals that have been successful at long-term weight loss participate in levels of physical activity that are greater than the current public health recommendations.
The researchers hypothesized that adopting higher levels of exercise duration and/or intensity, coupled with a strong behavioral intervention would enhance long-term weight loss. To test this hypothesis, they recruited 200 overweight women and randomly assigned them to one of four treatment groups: (1) moderate intensity, moderate 1000cal/wk duration exercise, (2) vigorous intensity moderate duration exercise, (3) moderate 2000cal/wk intensity, high duration exercise, and (4) vigorous intensity, high duration exercise. All subjects participated in a 24-month behavioral weight loss program, with subjects attending group meetings and receiving periodic telephone contacts from the weight loss program, with subjects attending group meetings and receiving periodic telephone contacts from the interventionists. In addition, to facilitate the adoption of the exercise protocols, all subjects were provided with a home treadmill. Assessment of body weight occured at 0, 6, 12, and 24 months and exercise participation was measured throughout the program. In addition, body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, cardiovascular disease risk factors, and mediators of behavior change were measured at 0, 6, 12, and 24 months.
Observational Model: Defined Population, Observational Model: Natural History, Time Perspective: Longitudinal
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:56:21-0400
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This study evaluates the effects of different volumes of aerobic exercise training in cardiovascular parameters of patients with cardiovascular diseases enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitatio...
The purpose of this study is to better understand the association between the postprandial biomarker responses after a food challenge with the development of cardiovascular diseases in hea...
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To examine the trend of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors among a Middle Eastern population with prevalent CVD during a median follow up of 12 years.
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Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (e.g., heart attacks and stroke), CANCER, chronic respiratory diseases (e.g., CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE and ASTHMA) and DIABETES MELLITUS.
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...