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Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer

2014-07-24 14:35:19 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells. Drugs such as mesna may be effective in preventing some of the side effects of chemotherapy.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy consisting of etoposide and ifosfamide given with mesna, and cisplatin in treating patients who have metastatic breast cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Determine the objective response rate in patients with metastatic breast cancer treated with etoposide, ifosfamide with mesna, and cisplatin.

- Determine the tolerability and toxicity of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients are stratified according to number of prior chemotherapy courses for metastatic disease (0 vs 1).

Patients receive etoposide IV over 60-90 minutes, cisplatin IV over 30 minutes, and ifosfamide IV over 30 minutes on days 1-3. Mesna is administered IV over 15 minutes 30 minutes prior to and 4 hours after ifosfamide, then orally at 8 hours post infusion. Treatment continues every 28 days in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or disease progression.

Patients are followed every 3 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: At least 36 patients (16 per stratum) will be accrued over 36 months.

Study Design

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Breast Cancer

Intervention

cisplatin, etoposide, ifosfamide, Mesna

Location

Ireland Cancer Center at University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Cleveland
Ohio
United States
44106-5055

Status

Completed

Source

Case Comprehensive Cancer Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:35:19-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A sulfhydryl compound used to prevent urothelial toxicity by inactivating metabolites from ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS, such as IFOSFAMIDE or CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE.

Abnormal accumulation of lymph in the arm, shoulder and breast area associated with surgical or radiation breast cancer treatments (e.g., MASTECTOMY).

Metastatic breast cancer characterized by EDEMA and ERYTHEMA of the affected breast due to LYMPHATIC METASTASIS and eventual obstruction of LYMPHATIC VESSELS by the cancer cells.

A semisynthetic derivative of PODOPHYLLOTOXIN that exhibits antitumor activity. Etoposide inhibits DNA synthesis by forming a complex with topoisomerase II and DNA. This complex induces breaks in double stranded DNA and prevents repair by topoisomerase II binding. Accumulated breaks in DNA prevent entry into the mitotic phase of cell division, and lead to cell death. Etoposide acts primarily in the G2 and S phases of the cell cycle.

A infiltrating (invasive) breast cancer, relatively uncommon, accounting for only 5%-10% of breast tumors in most series. It is often an area of ill-defined thickening in the breast, in contrast to the dominant lump characteristic of ductal carcinoma. It is typically composed of small cells in a linear arrangement with a tendency to grow around ducts and lobules. There is likelihood of axillary nodal involvement with metastasis to meningeal and serosal surfaces. (DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1205)

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