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Combination Chemotherapy Followed by Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Medulloblastoma, Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor, or Ependymoma

2014-08-27 03:57:25 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining more than one drug or combining chemotherapy with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy followed by radiation therapy in treating patients who have surgically resected, newly diagnosed medulloblastoma or supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor, or incompletely resected ependymoma.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Determine the toxicity of adjuvant dose-intensive induction chemotherapy with cisplatin, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide with or without methotrexate followed by standard radiotherapy in patients with surgically resected, newly diagnosed high stage medulloblastoma or supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor, or incompletely resected ependymoma.

- Determine the response rate, time to progression, overall survival, and pattern of failure in these patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: Patients receive dose-intensive induction chemotherapy consisting of cisplatin IV over 6 hours on day 0; vincristine IV on days 0, 7, and 14; and etoposide and cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days 1 and 2. Patients with M1+ disease (i.e., evidence of dissemination beyond primary tumor site) also receive methotrexate IV over 4 hours on day 3. Patients receive filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously daily beginning on day 7 and continuing until blood counts recover. Chemotherapy continues every 21-28 days for a total of 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week for 6.5 weeks beginning 3-6 weeks after completion of chemotherapy.

Patients are followed at 6 weeks, then every 3 months for 2 years, every 4 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 1 year, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 6-20 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors

Intervention

filgrastim, cisplatin, cyclophosphamide, etoposide, methotrexate, vincristine sulfate, adjuvant therapy, radiation therapy

Location

Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Los Angeles
California
United States
90027-0700

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:25-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A semisynthetic derivative of PODOPHYLLOTOXIN that exhibits antitumor activity. Etoposide inhibits DNA synthesis by forming a complex with topoisomerase II and DNA. This complex induces breaks in double stranded DNA and prevents repair by topoisomerase II binding. Accumulated breaks in DNA prevent entry into the mitotic phase of cell division, and lead to cell death. Etoposide acts primarily in the G2 and S phases of the cell cycle.

An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.

Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.

An enzyme that catalyzes the activation of sulfate ions by ATP to form adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate and pyrophosphate. This reaction constitutes the first enzymatic step in sulfate utilization following the uptake of sulfate. EC 2.7.7.4.

Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the LIVER to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of LYMPHOMA and LEUKEMIA. Its side effect, ALOPECIA, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphamide may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.

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