Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.
- Determine the therapeutic efficacy of phenylbutyrate in terms of response rate and time to progression in children with recurrent or progressive CNS malignancy.
- Determine the toxicity of this regimen in these patients.
- Determine the correlation between serum steady state phenylbutyrate levels and response or toxicity in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to tumor histology (high grade glioma (anaplastic astrocytoma or glioblastoma multiforme) vs brain stem glioma vs medulloblastoma or primitive neuroectodermal tumors vs other).
Patients receive phenylbutyrate IV continuously on days 1-28. Treatment continues every 4 weeks for up to a maximum of 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Patients are followed at 1 week.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A maximum of 120 patients (approximately 9-24 evaluable patients per stratum) will be accrued for this study within 2 years.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors
UCSF Comprehensive Cancer Center
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:25-0400
The investigators will study and compare how effectively sodium phenylbutyrate, sodium benzoate, and a combination of the two, help excrete nitrogen in healthy volunteers. Subject particip...
RATIONALE: Photodynamic therapy uses light and photosensitizing drugs to kill tumor cells and may be an effective treatment for refractory brain tumors. PURPOSE: This phase I trial is stu...
RATIONALE: Gathering information about patients with central nervous system tumors over time may help doctors learn more about the disease and find better methods of treatment and on-going...
RATIONALE: Genetic studies may help in understanding the genetic processes involved in the development of some types of cancer. PURPOSE: Genetic study to learn more about genes involved i...
RATIONALE: Screening tests may help doctors determine which patients are eligible for treatment on clinical trials. PURPOSE: This clinical trial is screening patients with central nervous...
Hemangioblastomas (HBs) are benign vascular tumors of the central nervous system and histologically contain abundant microvessels. Therefore, they clinically exhibit vascular malformation-like charact...
Central nervous system (CNS) tumors are a leading cause of death in pediatric oncology. New drugs are desperately needed to improve survival. We evaluated the outcome of children and adolescents with ...
The aim of this study is to review the effects of thymoquinone (TQ) against central nervous systems (CNS) tumors.
Multiple cerebral gliomas (MCGs), usually classified into multifocal and multicentric subtypes, represent major diagnostic challenges as their clinical, radiologic, and pathohistological features are ...
Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.
A group of malignant tumors of the nervous system that feature primitive cells with elements of neuronal and/or glial differentiation. Use of this term is limited by some authors to central nervous system tumors and others include neoplasms of similar origin which arise extracranially (i.e., NEUROECTODERMAL TUMORS, PRIMITIVE, PERIPHERAL). This term is also occasionally used as a synonym for MEDULLOBLASTOMA. In general, these tumors arise in the first decade of life and tend to be highly malignant. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, p2059)
Diseases of the parasympathetic or sympathetic divisions of the AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; which has components located in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM and PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Autonomic dysfunction may be associated with HYPOTHALAMIC DISEASES; BRAIN STEM disorders; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; and PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES. Manifestations include impairments of vegetative functions including the maintenance of BLOOD PRESSURE; HEART RATE; pupil function; SWEATING; REPRODUCTIVE AND URINARY PHYSIOLOGY; and DIGESTION.
The main information-processing organs of the nervous system, consisting of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges.
A vascular anomaly characterized by a radial or wedge-shaped arrangement of dilated VEINS draining into a larger vein in the brain, spinal cord, or the meninges. Veins in a venous angioma are surrounded by normal nervous tissue, unlike a CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM CAVERNOUS HEMANGIOMA that lacks intervening nervous tissue. Drainage of venous angioma is fully integrated with the body's venous system, therefore, in most cases there is no clinical signs and rare bleeding.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...