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Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Stage II or Stage III Multiple Myeloma

2014-08-27 03:57:25 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known which combination chemotherapy regimen is more effective for multiple myeloma.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is comparing two combination chemotherapy regimens to see how well they work in treating patients with stage II or stage III multiple myeloma.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Compare the partial and complete response rates in patients with multiple myeloma treated with induction therapy comprising idarubicin and dexamethasone vs vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone.

- Compare the disease progression, time to achieve maximal response, and duration of response in patients treated with these 2 regimens.

- Compare the quality of life of patients treated with these 2 regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

- Arm I: Patients receive oral idarubicin and oral dexamethasone daily on days 1-4. Treatment continues every 3 weeks for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also receive oral dexamethasone daily on days 8-11 during course 1 only.

- Arm II: Patients receive oral dexamethasone daily, doxorubicin IV continuously, and vincristine IV continuously on days 1-4. Courses repeat as in arm I. Patients receive additional dexamethasone as in arm I.

Patients without a maximal response after completion of course 4 may receive up to 2 additional courses.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline and then prior to each study course.

Patients are followed for survival.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 200 patients (100 per arm) will be accrued for this study within 2 years.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm

Intervention

dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, idarubicin, vincristine sulfate

Location

Birmingham Heartlands Hospital
Birmingham
England
United Kingdom
B9 5SS

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:25-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A rare, aggressive variant of MULTIPLE MYELOMA characterized by the circulation of excessive PLASMA CELLS in the peripheral blood. It can be a primary manifestation of multiple myeloma or develop as a terminal complication during the disease.

Abnormal immunoglobulins characteristic of MULTIPLE MYELOMA.

Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.

An enzyme that catalyzes the activation of sulfate ions by ATP to form adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate and pyrophosphate. This reaction constitutes the first enzymatic step in sulfate utilization following the uptake of sulfate. EC 2.7.7.4.

An arylsulfatase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the 4-sulfate groups of the N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 4-sulfate units of chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate. A deficiency of this enzyme is responsible for the inherited lysosomal disease, Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS VI). EC 3.1.6.12.

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