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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known which combination chemotherapy regimen is more effective for multiple myeloma.
PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is comparing two combination chemotherapy regimens to see how well they work in treating patients with stage II or stage III multiple myeloma.
- Compare the partial and complete response rates in patients with multiple myeloma treated with induction therapy comprising idarubicin and dexamethasone vs vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone.
- Compare the disease progression, time to achieve maximal response, and duration of response in patients treated with these 2 regimens.
- Compare the quality of life of patients treated with these 2 regimens.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
- Arm I: Patients receive oral idarubicin and oral dexamethasone daily on days 1-4. Treatment continues every 3 weeks for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also receive oral dexamethasone daily on days 8-11 during course 1 only.
- Arm II: Patients receive oral dexamethasone daily, doxorubicin IV continuously, and vincristine IV continuously on days 1-4. Courses repeat as in arm I. Patients receive additional dexamethasone as in arm I.
Patients without a maximal response after completion of course 4 may receive up to 2 additional courses.
Quality of life is assessed at baseline and then prior to each study course.
Patients are followed for survival.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 200 patients (100 per arm) will be accrued for this study within 2 years.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm
dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, idarubicin, vincristine sulfate
Birmingham Heartlands Hospital
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:25-0400
RATIONALE: Bortezomib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome and...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether doxorubicin HCL liposome injection, bortezomib, and Dexamethasone in combination, are effective in previously untreated multiple myeloma p...
RATIONALE: Bortezomib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride, d...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome and dexamethasone, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells ...
Background: In some studies, thalidomide in combination with chemotherapy has been shown to be effective in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (MM). In this study, the r...
The immunostimulatory monoclonal antibody elotuzumab plus lenalidomide and dexamethasone has been shown to be effective in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. The immunomodulatory a...
Multiple myeloma is a hematologic malignancy affecting bone marrow derived plasma cells. Current therapies are not able to eradicate the disease and most patients become refractory to the treatment. L...
Osteolytic bone disease is one of the most debilitating manifestations of multiple myeloma (MM). Bortezomib is a proteasome inhibitor that shows both anticancer and bone anabolic properties and is bei...
Novel efficacious treatments with long-term tolerability are needed for transplant-ineligible, newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) patients. This phase 2 study evaluated the safety and efficacy of...
In recent years, many antibody therapies for multiple myeloma have been developed. Antibodies against SLAMF7, CD38, B-cell maturation antigen and PD-1 have been developed and clinical trials are curre...
An asymptomatic and slow-growing PLASMA CELL dyscrasia characterized by presence of MYELOMA PROTEINS and clonal bone marrow plasma cells without end-organ damage (e.g., renal impairment). It is distinguished from MONOCLONAL GAMMOPATHY OF UNDETERMINED SIGNIFICANCE by a much higher risk of progression to symptomatic MULTIPLE MYELOMA.
A rare, aggressive variant of MULTIPLE MYELOMA characterized by the circulation of excessive PLASMA CELLS in the peripheral blood. It can be a primary manifestation of multiple myeloma or develop as a terminal complication during the disease.
Abnormal immunoglobulins characteristic of MULTIPLE MYELOMA.
Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.
An enzyme that catalyzes the activation of sulfate ions by ATP to form adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate and pyrophosphate. This reaction constitutes the first enzymatic step in sulfate utilization following the uptake of sulfate. EC 126.96.36.199.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...