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II. Determine whether neurologic outcome is improved in these patients when treated with this regimen.
III. Determine whether continuous administration of this drug suppresses recurrent skin lesions in these patients.
IV. Determine the safety of this regimen in these patients.
PROTOCOL OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to disease (CNS disease with or without cutaneous involvement vs disseminated disease with CNS involvement).
All patients receive acyclovir IV every 8 hours on days 1-21. On day 19, patients undergo a lumbar puncture and must have a negative CSF PCR to be randomized. If patients have a positive CSF PCR on day 19, they continue to receive acyclovir IV every 8 hours. Treatment continues every 7 days with a repeat CSF PCR on the fifth day until a negative CSF PCR result is achieved. Patients are then randomized to one of two treatment arms.
Arm I: Patients receive oral acyclovir three times a day for 6 months. Arm II: Patients receive placebo. In case of cutaneous recurrence during the first 12 months of the study, patients receive open label oral acyclovir (if CSF PCR is negative) or acyclovir IV (if CSF PCR is positive) for 5 days. Patients may or may not continue on study drug following this treatment.
Patients are followed at 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 months of age.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Children's Hospital of Alabama
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:30-0400
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Trans-acting protein that combines with host factors to induce immediate early gene transcription in herpes simplex virus.
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A group of acute infections caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 or type 2 that is characterized by the development of one or more small fluid-filled vesicles with a raised erythematous base on the skin or mucous membrane. It occurs as a primary infection or recurs due to a reactivation of a latent infection. (Dorland, 27th ed.)
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A GUANOSINE analog that acts as an antimetabolite. Viruses are especially susceptible. Used especially against herpes.
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