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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more tumor cells.
PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of peripheral stem cell transplantation in treating patients who have melanoma or small cell lung, breast, testicular, or kidney cancer that is metastatic or that cannot be treated with surgery.
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the toxicity of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in patients with metastatic or unresectable small cell lung cancer, breast cancer, testicular germ cell cancer, melanoma, or renal cell cancer. II. Determine the efficacy of this regimen in these patients.
OUTLINE: Donors receive filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously for 4 or 5 days prior to peripheral blood stem cell harvest. Patients are assigned to one of three conditioning regimens, depending on disease. Group A (small cell lung cancer): Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1-2 hours on days -7 and -6, etoposide IV over 4 hours on day -5, and total body irradiation twice daily on days -4 to -1. Group B (breast cancer and testicular germ cell cancer): Patients receive oral busulfan every 6 hours on days -7 to -4 for a total of 14 doses. Patients then receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1-2 hours on days -3 and -2. Group C (renal cell cancer and melanoma): Patients receive fludarabine IV daily on days -8 to -4 and cyclophosphamide IV on days -3 and -2. All groups: Patients receive allogeneic peripheral blood stem cells IV over 10-20 minutes on day 0. Patients are followed weekly for 3 months, at 6 and 12 months, and then yearly for 5 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 19-42 patients will be accrued for this study.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
busulfan, cyclophosphamide, etoposide, fludarabine phosphate, peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, radiation therapy
Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, Northwestern University
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:30-0400
This randomized phase II trial studies how well giving busulfan, cyclophosphamide, and melphalan or busulfan and fludarabine phosphate before donor hematopoietic cell transplant works in t...
RATIONALE: Giving chemotherapy, such as fludarabine phosphate and busulfan, before a donor peripheral blood stem cell transplant helps stop the growth of cancer cells. It may also stop the...
RATIONALE: Giving chemotherapy drugs, such as fludarabine and cyclophosphamide, before a donor peripheral blood stem cell transplant helps stop the growth of cancer cells. It also helps st...
RATIONALE: Giving chemotherapy drugs, such as fludarabine and busulfan, before a donor peripheral stem cell transplant helps stop the growth of cancer cells. It also stops the patient's im...
The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if cyclophosphamide given after busulfan and fludarabine can help to prevent graft versus host disease (GVHD - a condition in which tra...
Salvage chemotherapy induces disease remissions in patients with relapsed or refractory (r/r) T-cell lymphomas, but fails to provide lasting tumor control. We analyzed the outcome after peripheral blo...
Addition of melphalan to fludarabine/busulfan (FLU/BU4/MEL) provides survival benefit for patients with myeloid malignancy following allogeneic bone-marrow transplantation/peripheral blood stem-cell transplantation.
A conditioning regimen with fludarabine and myeloablative dose of busulfan (FLU/BU4) has been commonly used in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). However, there are two major pr...
Fludarabine with busulfan (FB) or melphalan (FM) are two more commonly used reduced intensity conditioning regimens for allogeneic stem cell transplantation (HCT).We present a systematic review and me...
Toxicity of carmustine and cyclophosphamide can cause pulmonary injury after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
In this study we utilized a large animal model to identify a dose of intravenous busulfan that can cause reversible myelosuppression. Nine baboons (Papio anubis) were treated with IV busulfan at 6.4 (...
Transplantation of stem cells collected from the peripheral blood. It is a less invasive alternative to direct marrow harvesting of hematopoietic stem cells. Enrichment of stem cells in peripheral blood can be achieved by inducing mobilization of stem cells from the BONE MARROW.
Hematopoietic stem cells found in peripheral blood circulation.
A semisynthetic derivative of PODOPHYLLOTOXIN that exhibits antitumor activity. Etoposide inhibits DNA synthesis by forming a complex with topoisomerase II and DNA. This complex induces breaks in double stranded DNA and prevents repair by topoisomerase II binding. Accumulated breaks in DNA prevent entry into the mitotic phase of cell division, and lead to cell death. Etoposide acts primarily in the G2 and S phases of the cell cycle.
The release of stem cells from the bone marrow into the peripheral blood circulation for the purpose of leukapheresis, prior to stem cell transplantation. Hematopoietic growth factors or chemotherapeutic agents often are used to stimulate the mobilization.
An alkylating agent having a selective immunosuppressive effect on BONE MARROW. It has been used in the palliative treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (MYELOID LEUKEMIA, CHRONIC), but although symptomatic relief is provided, no permanent remission is brought about. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), busulfan is listed as a known carcinogen.
Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the patient's own body, for the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged or absent organ. The emerging field of regenerative ...
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...