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Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Melanoma or Small Cell Lung, Breast, Testicular, or Kidney Cancer That is Metastatic or That Cannot Be Treated With Surgery

2014-08-27 03:57:30 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of peripheral stem cell transplantation in treating patients who have melanoma or small cell lung, breast, testicular, or kidney cancer that is metastatic or that cannot be treated with surgery.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the toxicity of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in patients with metastatic or unresectable small cell lung cancer, breast cancer, testicular germ cell cancer, melanoma, or renal cell cancer. II. Determine the efficacy of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: Donors receive filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously for 4 or 5 days prior to peripheral blood stem cell harvest. Patients are assigned to one of three conditioning regimens, depending on disease. Group A (small cell lung cancer): Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1-2 hours on days -7 and -6, etoposide IV over 4 hours on day -5, and total body irradiation twice daily on days -4 to -1. Group B (breast cancer and testicular germ cell cancer): Patients receive oral busulfan every 6 hours on days -7 to -4 for a total of 14 doses. Patients then receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1-2 hours on days -3 and -2. Group C (renal cell cancer and melanoma): Patients receive fludarabine IV daily on days -8 to -4 and cyclophosphamide IV on days -3 and -2. All groups: Patients receive allogeneic peripheral blood stem cells IV over 10-20 minutes on day 0. Patients are followed weekly for 3 months, at 6 and 12 months, and then yearly for 5 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 19-42 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Breast Cancer

Intervention

busulfan, cyclophosphamide, etoposide, fludarabine phosphate, peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, radiation therapy

Location

Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, Northwestern University
Chicago
Illinois
United States
60611-3013

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:30-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Transplantation of stem cells collected from the peripheral blood. It is a less invasive alternative to direct marrow harvesting of hematopoietic stem cells. Enrichment of stem cells in peripheral blood can be achieved by inducing mobilization of stem cells from the BONE MARROW.

Hematopoietic stem cells found in peripheral blood circulation.

A semisynthetic derivative of PODOPHYLLOTOXIN that exhibits antitumor activity. Etoposide inhibits DNA synthesis by forming a complex with topoisomerase II and DNA. This complex induces breaks in double stranded DNA and prevents repair by topoisomerase II binding. Accumulated breaks in DNA prevent entry into the mitotic phase of cell division, and lead to cell death. Etoposide acts primarily in the G2 and S phases of the cell cycle.

The release of stem cells from the bone marrow into the peripheral blood circulation for the purpose of leukapheresis, prior to stem cell transplantation. Hematopoietic growth factors or chemotherapeutic agents often are used to stimulate the mobilization.

An alkylating agent having a selective immunosuppressive effect on BONE MARROW. It has been used in the palliative treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (MYELOID LEUKEMIA, CHRONIC), but although symptomatic relief is provided, no permanent remission is brought about. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), busulfan is listed as a known carcinogen.

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