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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells.
OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the efficacy of adjuvant systemic fluorouracil with intraperitoneal mitomycin vs systemic fluorouracil alone in terms of survival in patients with peritoneal cancer originating from the colorectum.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to center and mode of surgery. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients undergo complete resection of tumor on day 0. Patients then receive mitomycin intraperitoneally (IP) over 23 hours on day 1 and fluorouracil IP over 24 hours on days 2-5. Patients then receive one of three systemic chemotherapy regimens for 6 months: Regimen I: Patients receive leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours and fluorouracil IV over 22 hours on days 1 and 2. Treatment repeats every 2 weeks. Regimen II: Patients receive fluorouracil IV continuously for 7 weeks. Treatment repeats every 8 weeks. Regimen III: Leucovorin calcium and fluorouracil are administered as per standard procedure. Arm II: Patients receive treatment as in arm I but without early intraperitoneal chemotherapy. Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: At least 90 patients (45 per arm) will be accrued for this study.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Carcinoma of the Appendix
chemotherapy, fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, mitomycin C
Institut Gustave Roussy
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:30-0400
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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as alvocidib, oxaliplatin, fluorouracil, and leucovorin calcium, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the...
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The active metabolite of FOLIC ACID. Leucovorin is used principally as its calcium salt as an antidote to folic acid antagonists which block the conversion of folic acid to folinic acid.
Drug treatment designed to further diminish the disease toward complete remission following INDUCTION CHEMOTHERAPY. It helps to consolidate the gains during induction chemotherapy and may be followed by MAINTENANCE CHEMOTHERAPY.
Toxic antibiotic of the mitomycin group, obtained from MITOMYCIN and also from Streptomyces ardus and other species. It is proposed as an antineoplastic agent, with some antibiotic properties.
Necrotizing inflammation of the CECUM ("typhlon" in Greek), sometimes spreading to the APPENDIX and/or the ILEUM. Symptoms include ABDOMINAL PAIN and DIARRHEA. Its pathogenesis is multifactorial. Typhlitis is often associated with NEUTROPENIA and chemotherapy in immunocompromised individuals (IMMUNOCOMPROMISED HOST).
Treatment designed to help prevent a relapse of a disease following the successful primary treatments (INDUCTION CHEMOTHERAPY and CONSOLIDATION CHEMOTHERAPY) with a long-term low-dose drug therapy.
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Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers) - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...