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Surgery Plus Combination Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Cancer of the Urinary Tract

2014-08-27 03:57:30 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining surgery with chemotherapy and radiation therapy may be an effective way to treat cancer of the urinary tract.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combining surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy in treating patients who have stage II, stage III, or stage IV cancer of the urinary tract .

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Assess the quality of life of patients with invasive stage II, III, or IV carcinoma of the urothelium treated with conservative surgery plus cisplatin, fluorouracil, and radiotherapy. II. Determine the efficacy of this regimen, in terms of local control, in these patients. III. Determine survival of patients treated with this regimen. IV. Determine the toxic effects of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to tumor type (T2-4a, N0, M0; potentially resectable; no contraindication to surgery vs T2-4b, N0 or N1 or pN1, M0; refused surgery or medical contraindications to surgery). (Accrual for stratum I was completed as of 10/23/2001.) Stratum I (resectable disease): Regimen A: Patients undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week for 5 weeks. Patients also receive fluorouracil IV continuously and cisplatin IV continuously on days 1-4 during weeks 1 and 4. If complete response is achieved by week 5, patients proceed to regimen B. If partial response or progression is observed, patients undergo cystectomy. If cystectomy is refused, patients proceed to regimen B. Regimen B: Patients undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week for 2 weeks. Patients also receive fluorouracil and cisplatin as in regimen A on weeks 2 and 5. (Accrual for stratum I was completed as of 10/23/2001.) Stratum II (unresectable disease): Patients undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week for 7 weeks. Patients also receive fluorouracil and cisplatin as in regimen A on weeks 1, 4, and 7. Quality of life is assessed at baseline, at 6 months, and then at 1 year. Patients are followed at 6-8 weeks, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 75 patients (35 for stratum I and 40 for stratum II) will be accrued for this study. (Accrual for stratum I was completed as of 10/23/2001.)

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Bladder Cancer

Intervention

cisplatin, fluorouracil, conventional surgery, radiation therapy

Location

Institut Sainte Catherine
Avignon
France
84082

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:30-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Drug therapy given to augment or stimulate some other form of treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.

Preliminary cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone/endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, hyperthermia, etc.) that precedes a necessary second modality of treatment.

A followup operation to examine the outcome of the previous surgery and other treatments, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

A therapeutic approach, involving chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery, after initial regimens have failed to lead to improvement in a patient's condition. Salvage therapy is most often used for neoplastic diseases.

Therapeutic practices which are not currently considered an integral part of conventional allopathic medical practice. They may lack biomedical explanations but as they become better researched some (PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES; DIET; ACUPUNCTURE) become widely accepted whereas others (humors, radium therapy) quietly fade away, yet are important historical footnotes. Therapies are termed as Complementary when used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment.

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