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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining surgery with chemotherapy and radiation therapy may be an effective way to treat cancer of the urinary tract.
PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combining surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy in treating patients who have stage II, stage III, or stage IV cancer of the urinary tract .
OBJECTIVES: I. Assess the quality of life of patients with invasive stage II, III, or IV carcinoma of the urothelium treated with conservative surgery plus cisplatin, fluorouracil, and radiotherapy. II. Determine the efficacy of this regimen, in terms of local control, in these patients. III. Determine survival of patients treated with this regimen. IV. Determine the toxic effects of this regimen in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to tumor type (T2-4a, N0, M0; potentially resectable; no contraindication to surgery vs T2-4b, N0 or N1 or pN1, M0; refused surgery or medical contraindications to surgery). (Accrual for stratum I was completed as of 10/23/2001.) Stratum I (resectable disease): Regimen A: Patients undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week for 5 weeks. Patients also receive fluorouracil IV continuously and cisplatin IV continuously on days 1-4 during weeks 1 and 4. If complete response is achieved by week 5, patients proceed to regimen B. If partial response or progression is observed, patients undergo cystectomy. If cystectomy is refused, patients proceed to regimen B. Regimen B: Patients undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week for 2 weeks. Patients also receive fluorouracil and cisplatin as in regimen A on weeks 2 and 5. (Accrual for stratum I was completed as of 10/23/2001.) Stratum II (unresectable disease): Patients undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week for 7 weeks. Patients also receive fluorouracil and cisplatin as in regimen A on weeks 1, 4, and 7. Quality of life is assessed at baseline, at 6 months, and then at 1 year. Patients are followed at 6-8 weeks, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 75 patients (35 for stratum I and 40 for stratum II) will be accrued for this study. (Accrual for stratum I was completed as of 10/23/2001.)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
cisplatin, fluorouracil, conventional surgery, radiation therapy
Institut Sainte Catherine
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:30-0400
RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Com...
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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from di...
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