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Capecitabine, Paclitaxel, and Trastuzumab in Treating Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer

2014-08-27 03:57:30 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Monoclonal antibodies such as trastuzumab can locate tumor cells and either kill them or deliver tumor-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Combining chemotherapy with monoclonal antibody therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of combining capecitabine, paclitaxel, and trastuzumab in treating patients who have metastatic breast cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of capecitabine when administered in combination with paclitaxel and trastuzumab (Herceptin) in patients with metastatic breast cancer. II. Determine the response rate of these patients to this treatment regimen. III. Determine the median time to treatment failure in these patients with this treatment regimen. IV. Determine the incidence of cardiac toxicity in these patients with this treatment regimen. V. Assess the quality of life in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study of capecitabine. Patients receive trastuzumab (Herceptin) IV over 30-90 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15; paclitaxel IV over 3 hours on day 2; and oral capecitabine on days 3-16. Treatment repeats every 21 days for at least 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of capecitabine until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose limiting toxicities. Once the MTD is determined, additional patients are accrued. Quality of life is assessed at baseline and after 3 courses of treatment.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 3-30 patients will be accrued for the phase I dose escalation portion of this study. A total of 28-41 patients will be accrued for the phase II portion of this study.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Breast Cancer

Intervention

trastuzumab, capecitabine, paclitaxel

Location

Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, UNC
Chapel Hill
North Carolina
United States
27599-7295

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:30-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.

A humanized monoclonal antibody against the ERBB-2 RECEPTOR (HER2). As an ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT, it is used to treat BREAST CANCER where HER2 is overexpressed.

Abnormal accumulation of lymph in the arm, shoulder and breast area associated with surgical or radiation breast cancer treatments (e.g., MASTECTOMY).

Metastatic breast cancer characterized by EDEMA and ERYTHEMA of the affected breast due to LYMPHATIC METASTASIS and eventual obstruction of LYMPHATIC VESSELS by the cancer cells.

A infiltrating (invasive) breast cancer, relatively uncommon, accounting for only 5%-10% of breast tumors in most series. It is often an area of ill-defined thickening in the breast, in contrast to the dominant lump characteristic of ductal carcinoma. It is typically composed of small cells in a linear arrangement with a tendency to grow around ducts and lobules. There is likelihood of axillary nodal involvement with metastasis to meningeal and serosal surfaces. (DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1205)

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