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Docetaxel and Carboplatin in Treating Women With Metastatic Breast Cancer

2014-08-27 03:57:32 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one chemotherapy drug may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combining docetaxel and carboplatin in treating women who have metastatic breast cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the anti-tumor activity of docetaxel and carboplatin in women with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the breast. II. Determine the objective response rate, time to progression, and survival in patients treated with this regimen. III. Determine the toxic effects of this regimen in these patients. IV. Assess the common functional polymorphisms in genes involved in chemotherapeutic response to improve prediction of clinical outcomes and provide insight into the potential for genotype-specific drug dosage.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who achieve stable disease (SD), partial response (PR), or complete response (CR) may receive 4 additional courses past SD, PR, or CR. Patients are followed every 6 months for 2 years and then annually for 3 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A maximum of 55 patients will be accrued for this study within 11 months.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Breast Cancer

Intervention

carboplatin, docetaxel

Location

CCOP - Scottsdale Oncology Program
Scottsdale
Arizona
United States
85259-5404

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:32-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Abnormal accumulation of lymph in the arm, shoulder and breast area associated with surgical or radiation breast cancer treatments (e.g., MASTECTOMY).

Metastatic breast cancer characterized by EDEMA and ERYTHEMA of the affected breast due to LYMPHATIC METASTASIS and eventual obstruction of LYMPHATIC VESSELS by the cancer cells.

A infiltrating (invasive) breast cancer, relatively uncommon, accounting for only 5%-10% of breast tumors in most series. It is often an area of ill-defined thickening in the breast, in contrast to the dominant lump characteristic of ductal carcinoma. It is typically composed of small cells in a linear arrangement with a tendency to grow around ducts and lobules. There is likelihood of axillary nodal involvement with metastasis to meningeal and serosal surfaces. (DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1205)

A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.

Carbohydrate antigen elevated in patients with tumors of the breast, ovary, lung, and prostate as well as other disorders. The mucin is expressed normally by most glandular epithelia but shows particularly increased expression in the breast at lactation and in malignancy. It is thus an established serum marker for breast cancer.

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