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Sometimes the increase in a patient's viral load (the level of HIV in the blood) can be slowed or stopped by taking anti-HIV drugs. This does not always happen. Sometimes anti-HIV drugs work at first but then stop working. When most of the usual anti-HIV drugs no longer seem to work, the virus is called multidrug-resistant (MDR). This study will compare 2 treatment plans to try to increase the effects of anti-HIV drugs in patients with MDR virus.
An increasing number of patients are developing multidrug-resistant (MDR) virus, as determined by genotypic antiretroviral resistance testing (GART), due to treatment failure to suppress viral replication after several rounds of combination antiretroviral therapy. The best therapeutic strategy for these patients is uncertain. Two strategies currently being used are (1) STI followed by a new antiretroviral regimen and (2) immediate initiation of a new antiretroviral regimen.
Patients are screened for the presence of MDR virus and a plasma HIV RNA level greater than 10,000 [AS PER AMENDMENT 07/03/01: greater than 5,000] copies/ml. Eligible patients attend a baseline visit [AS PER AMENDMENT 07/03/01: and a subsequent randomization visit] where the qualifying GART results are provided. Patients who consent to participate have phenotypic antiretroviral resistance testing (PART) done on a specimen from the same blood draw that was used for the GART evaluation. After PART results are available, patients are randomized [AS PER AMENDMENT 07/03/01: If the predicted sensitivities are not available for some or all drugs included in the PART, the patient may still be randomized.] to either a 4-month STI followed by a new antiretroviral regimen or an immediate new antiretroviral regimen. The antiretroviral regimens chosen are based on the patients' history and both GART and PART results. [AS PER AMENDMENT 07/03/01: Additional GART and PART may be requested after at least 4 months of antiretroviral treatment.] Patients have the follow-up data collection done at Months 1-8 and every 4 months thereafter. Changes in antiretroviral therapy, Grade 4 adverse experiences, progression of disease, and deaths are reported as they occur. Patients are seen for clinical management as often as deemed necessary. All patients are followed to a common closing date estimated to be 24 months after the last patient is randomized. Some patients may participate in a Point Mutation Substudy [AS PER AMENDMENT 07/03/01: Plasma Point Mutation Substudy and PBMC Point Mutation Substudy].
Community Consortium / UCSF
Active, not recruiting
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:57:37-0400
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Inflammation of brain parenchymal tissue as a result of viral infection. Encephalitis may occur as primary or secondary manifestation of TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.
Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)
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Pathogenic infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges. DNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; RNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; BACTERIAL INFECTIONS; MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; SPIROCHAETALES INFECTIONS; fungal infections; PROTOZOAN INFECTIONS; HELMINTHIASIS; and PRION DISEASES may involve the central nervous system as a primary or secondary process.
Infections with viruses of the order MONONEGAVIRALES. The concept includes FILOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.
AIDS and HIV
AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...
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